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Table 4 Health costs per patient and year (Euro)

From: Health costs in anthroposophic therapy users: a two-year prospective cohort study

Item Pre-study year 0–12 months 12–24 months
  Mean ± SD Percentage of costs Mean ± SD Percentage of costs Mean ± SD Percentage of costs
AM therapies 51 ± 186 1.6% 398 ± 400 12.1% 159 ± 334 5.7%
AM medication 58 ± 145 1.8% 88 ± 164 2.7% 65 ± 166 2.3%
Total AM costs 108 ± 244 3.4% 485 ± 451 14.7% 224 ± 378 8.1%
Physician visits, paraclinical investigations 247 ± 264 7.7% 234 ± 226 7.1% 225 ± 686 8.1%
Psychotherapy 179 ± 727 5.6% 211 ± 619 6.4% 211 ± 600 7.6%
Dentist visits 155 ± 221 4.9% 155 ± 206 4.7% 163 ± 182 5.9%
Non-AM medication 219 ± 464 6.9% 259 ± 507 7.8% 229 ± 517 8.3%
Physiotherapy, ergotherapy 103 ± 232 3.2% 112 ± 286 3.4% 116 ± 271 4.2%
Inpatient hospital treatment 1224 ± 4646 38.4% 914 ± 5052 27.7% 711 ± 3741 25.7%
Inpatient rehabilitation 114 ± 468 3.6% 104 ± 424 3.1% 73 ± 321 2.6%
Total non-AM direct costs 2241 ± 5092 70.3% 1989 ± 5444 60.2% 1728 ± 4160 62.4%
Total direct costs 2349 ± 5158 73.7% 2474 ± 5605 74.9% 1952 ± 4331 70.5%
Sick leave compensation 837 ± 2702 26.3% 828 ± 3099 25.1% 816 ± 2835 29.5%
Total costs 3186 ± 6447 100.0% 3302 ± 6798 100.0% 2768 ± 5483 100.0%