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Table 3 Overall prescription rate

From: Non-specific low back pain in primary care in the Spanish National Health Service: a prospective study on clinical outcomes and determinants of management

  Acute n = 500 Subacute n = 118 Chronic n = 28
Medication prescribed at first visit, no (%) 459 (91.8) 111 (94.1) 22 (78.6)
   NSAIDs 287 (57.4) 69 (58.5) 13 (46.4)
   Analgesics 167 (33.4) 39 (33.1) 6 (21.4)
   Muscle relaxants 79 (15.8) 15 (12.7) 3 (10.7)
   Corticoids 18 (3.6) 3 (2.5) 0 (0.0)
   Gastric protectors 9 (1.8) 4(3.4) 1(3.6)
   Tranquilizers 23 (4.6) 5 (4.2) 2 (7.1)
   Other medication 23 (4.6) 4 (3.4) 1(3.6)
Procedures performed throughout the study, n (%)    
SLR 351 (70.2) 74 (62.7) 13 (46.4)
Plain radiographs 193 (38.6) 66 (55.9) 18 (64.3)
CT or MRI scans 75 (15.0) 32 (27.1) 14 (50.0)
Neurophysiologic tests 12 (2.4) 5 (4.2) 4 (14.3)
Referral to rehabilitation or physical therapy 83 (16.6) 33 (28.0) 7 (25.0)
Referral to orthopaedic surgery or neurosurgery 31 (6.2) 19 (16.1) 11 (39.3)
Sick leave 136 (50.6)* 25 (33.8)* 13 (59.1)*
  1. *Percentages refer to the 367 patients in a potentially active work situation, in which sick leave was possible.