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Table 2 Characteristics of participants by study site in 1999 and 2003

From: Evidence-informed obstetric practice during normal birth in China: trends and influences in four hospitals

  Specialist City MCH District County
  1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003
N 150 162 150 160 150 228 149 161
Mean age ± SD 28.2 ± 4.6 27.9 ± 3.9 27.7 ± 3.6 27.9 ± 3.9 28.5 ± 4.9 27.9 ± 4.7 24.5 ± 2.7 24.3 ± 3.5
High school education (%) 119 (79) 126 (78) 130 (87) 151 (94) 116 (77) 164 (72) 40 (27) 48 (30)
First delivery (%) 132 (88) 147 (91) 143 (95) 155 (97) 139 (93) 196 (86) 139 (93) 145 (90)
Self payment (%)* 59 (39) 71 (44) 39 (26) 46 (29) 77 (51) 129 (57) 122 (82) 142 (88)
  1. Women who had completed education up to age 18.
  2. *Payment of hospital fees out of pocket rather than via government, labour or medical insurance schemes