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Table 2 Percentages of adults who reported experiencing an oral problem during the past 12 months by choice of oral health care in relation to selected predisposing factors

From: Illness-related behaviour and utilization of oral health services among adult city-dwellers in Burkina Faso: evidence from a household survey

Independent variables   Used health facilities Used self-medication No treatment at all
  n % % %
Level of education obtained
   High 138 41.6c 35.7 22.7
   Low 221 32.0 49.2 18.8
   None 445 21.8 50.9b 27.3a
Occupational status
   Employee 117 38.5b 37.6 23.9
   Housewife 193 19.7 53.4 26.9
   Independent workers 306 27.5 48.1 23.5
   Without occupation 100 27.0 48.0 25.0
   Others 92 33.6 46.8 19.6
Religion
   Christian/Animist 345 34.5c 40.9 24.6
   Muslim 456 23.6 52.7b 23.7
Material living conditions of household
   Low 511 19.3 53.4c 27.3a
   Medium 162 35.8 44.4 19.8
   High 136 50.5c 31.4 18.1
Type of house
   Modern building materials 219 40.6c 36.5 21.5
   Mixed building materials 434 24.2 50.0 25.8
   Traditional building materials (mud) 154 19.5 56.5c 23.4
Oral diseases are as important as other health problems
   Agree 671 30.4b 47.7 21.9
   Disagree 89 14.6 46.1 39.3b
   Do not know 46 17.4 56.5 26.1
Oral problems cause other general diseases
   Agree 520 29.4 50.6 20.0
   Disagree 68 22.1 41.2 36.7c
   Do not know 207 24.7 44.4 30.9
Fluoride prevents tooth decay
   Agree 258 37.6c 40.3 20.9
   Disagree 14 35.7 50.0 14.3
   Do not know 533 22.9 51.0a 25.9
Dental visits to have important benefits
   Agree 596 31.9c 46.3 21.8
   Disagree 49 23.4 53.2 23.4
   Do not know 162 14.2 52.5 33.3b
Going to dentist is synonymous with pain
   Agree 353 36.9c 41.9 21.2
   Disagree 229 33.3 45.8 20.9
   Do not know 225 8.5 59.3c 32.2b
  1. a p < 0.05 b p < 0.01 c p < 0.001