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Table 3 The indirect costs of MS (the mean annual cost per patient per year, in euros).

From: Direct and indirect costs of Multiple Sclerosis in Baix Llobregat (Catalonia, Spain), according to disability

EDSS 0 1.5–3.0 3.5–5.5 6.0–7.0 >7.5  
Productivity losses in patients, due to:       
1) Short term sickness absences, because of MS/others 902/0 1415/1155 1683/358 2113/0 0/0 1394/693
Sick leaves (number of days/year) because of MS 6.04 13.48 16.3 21.47 0 13.15
Sick leaves (number of days/year) because of other reasons 0.48 12.9 4.33 0 0 7.9
Work absences (number of hours/year) because of MS 35.04 14.65 30.2 0 0 18.2
2) Long term sickness absences (change in work-status) 4719 4046 7555 15048 15779 6326
% p. with premature work invalidity due to MS 0 15 38 70 82 26.5
% p. with premature retirement due to MS 0 0.9 0 0 9 1
% p. with reduction of worktime hours due to MS 4 1.8 2.4 0 0 2
% p. who changes-adaptates their work-status to their MS 13 4.7 4.7 0 0 5
% p. who do not change their work-status, despite their- MS 4 9 4.7 6 0 7
TOTAL indirect costs due strictily to MS 5621 5461 9238 17161 15779 7719
TOTAL INDIRECT costs (due to MS and related reasons) 5621 6616 9596 17161 15779 8412
% of total costs of MS attributable to indirect costs 39 35 34 42 30 35
  1. Each column represents the costs calculated for each disability group of patients (p.), established according to their EDSS stages. The last column shows the costs calculated for the whole sample (N = 200). The number of work absences and the percentage of patients who changed their work-status are also detailed, according to EDSS stages.