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Table 4 Means and standard deviations of personality traits, career motivation and importance of life goals according to speciality fields (n = 522)

From: Swiss residents' speciality choices – impact of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goals

Scale PC
n = 45
Mean
(SD)
IM
n = 126
Mean
(SD)
SG
n = 68
Mean
(SD)
GO
n = 31
Mean
(SD)
AN
n = 40
Mean
(SD)
PAED
n = 44
Mean
(SD)
PSY
n = 25
Mean
(SD)
OS
n = 60
Mean
(SD)
ND
n = 83
Mean
(SD)
p Scheffé-test
Personality traits            
SOC Sense of Coherence 5.03 (0.73) 4.99 (0.84) 5.35 (0.82) 5.03 (0.80) 5.36 (0.77) 4.91 (0.93) 4.85 (1.03) 5.21 (0.83) 4.95 (0.77) 0.011 PSY, PAED, ND < SG, AN
RSE Rosenberg-Self-Esteem 2.42 (0.38) 2.27 (0.48) 2.48 (0.42) 2.30 (0.37) 2.50 (0.55) 2.31 (0.40) 2.27 (0.62) 2.44 (0.39) 2.33 (0.51) 0.037 IM, PSY < SG, AN
PAQ1 Instrumentality 4.03 (0.65) 4.11 (0.63) 4.63 (0.55) 3.98 (0.73) 4.42 (0.69) 4.14 (0.67) 3.89 (0.73) 4.34 (0.59) 4.00 (0.75) <0.001 PSY, GO, PC, ND < OS < AN < SG
IM, PAED < SG, AN
PAQ1 Expressiveness 4.93 (0.44) 4.86 (0.51) 4.76 (0.66) 4.98 (0.56) 4.85 (0.49) 5.03 (0.53) 4.97 (0.61) 4.80 (0.64) 4.91 (0.56) 0.255 -
Career motivation            
CMQ2 Intrinsic motivation 6.04 (0.51) 6.09 (0.47) 6.32 (0.42) 6.09 (0.54) 6.21 (0.40) 6.18 (0.51) 5.92 (0.59) 6.16 (0.47) 5.96 (0.61) 0.001 PSY < OS, PAED, AN < SG
CMQ2 Extrinsic motivation 3.41 (0.76) 3.60 (0.76) 4.18 (0.88) 3.75 (0.81) 3.53 (0.75) 3.47 (0.72) 3.79 (0.70) 4.12 (0.87) 3.41 (0.95) <0.001 SG, OS > rest
CMQ2 Extraprofessional concerns 4.75 (0.87) 4.55 (0.94) 3.54 (1.03) 4.44 (0.95) 4.15 (1.20) 4.25 (0.83) 4.85 (1.02) 4.21 (0.89) 4.40 (1.00) <0.001 SG < rest
AN, OS, PAED < PC, PSY
Importance of life goals (GOALS)            
Intimacy 4.63 (0.34) 4.59 (0.43) 4.41 (0.59) 4.76 (0.31) 4.59 (0.46) 4.66 (0.47) 4.50 (0.55) 4.67 (0.37) 4.58 (0.49) 0.016 SG < GO
Affiliation 3.50 (0.75) 3.64 (0.69) 3.46 (0.92) 3.77 (0.79) 3.64 (0.68) 3.73 (0.76) 3.53 (0.73) 3.65 (0.69) 3.62 (0.73) 0.559 -
Altruism 3.73 (0.70) 3.61 (0.58) 3.73 (0.77) 3.58 (0.56) 3.71 (0.79) 3.96 (0.71) 3.41 (0.43) 3.55 (0.73) 3.66 (0.74) 0.40 -
Power 2.53 (0.76) 2.77 (0.77) 3.07 (0.86) 2.99 (0.63) 2.63 (0.74) 2.68 (0.70) 2.97 (0.72) 2.85 (0.76) 2.70 (0.81) 0.006 PC < GO, SG
Achievement 4.03 (0.56) 4.22 (0.49) 4.45 (0.46) 4.25 (0.47) 4.34 (0.48) 4.33 (0.52) 4.21 (0.46) 4.32 (0.48) 4.19 (0.56) 0.002 PC < OS, PAED, AN, SG
Variation 3.80 (0.69) 3.66 (0.70) 3.82 (0.67) 3.73 (0.75) 3.86 (0.68) 3.84 (0.66) 3.43 (0.70) 3.75 (0.75) 3.75 (0.80) 0.301 -
  1. 1PAQ Personal Attributes Questionnaire
  2. 2CMQ Career Motivation Questionnaire
  3. PC = Primary Care, IM = Internal Medicine, SG = Surgery, GO = G&O, AN = Anaesthesiology, PAED = Paediatrics, PSY = Psychiatry, OS = Other specialities, ND = Not decided