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Table 2 Characteristics of the applied instruments

From: Swiss residents' speciality choices – impact of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goals

Personality factors (T1)         
Dimensions
and scales
Number of items Method of item scoring (Likert-scales) Method of scale scoring Reference value (mean) female Reference value (mean) male Reliability Reliability in this study Stability
in this study
T1 – T3
Sense of coherence (SOC) 13 1 (low) – 7 (high) Sum score divided by number of items 4.96 5.18 0.85 0.84 0.56
Rosenberg Self-esteem 10 1 (low) – 4 (high) Sum score/number of items 2.23 2.31 0.88 0.85  
1PAQ Instrumentality 8 1 (low) – 6 (high) Sum score/number of items 3.50 3.75 0.72 0.74  
1PAQ Expressiveness 8 1 (low) – 6 (high) Sum score/number of items 4.63 4.38 0.75 0.74  
Career-related factors (T 3 )         
2CMQ Intrinsic career motivation 8 1 (low) – 7 (high) Sum score/number of items 5.96 0.70 0.68 0.57
2CMQ Extrinsic career motivation 8 1 (low) – 7 (high) Sum score/number of items 4.17 0.76 0.69 0.58
2CMQ Extra-professional concerns 8 1 (low) – 7 (high) Sum score/number of items 4.30 0.72 0.74 0.60
Importance of life goals (T 3 )         
Intimacy 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 4.60 0.60 0.76  
Affiliation 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 3.47 0.82 0.85  
Altruism 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 3.55 0.76 0.82  
Power 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 2.73 0.85 0.83  
Achievement 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 4.00 0.68 0.75  
Variation 4 1 (low) – 5 (high) Sum score/number of items 3.33 0.81 0.76  
  1. 1 PAQ Personal Attributes Questionnaire
  2. 2 CMQ Career Motivation Questionnaire