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Table 2 Responses to detailed questions on use of sleep aids and responses to the direct questions asking whether or not medications or alcohol were used to help initiate sleep.

From: The use of sleep aids among Emergency Medicine residents: a web based survey

   Sleep aid use based on detailed questions (Questions 9 to 11)
   No Yes No response Total
Use of alcohol or medication to help initiate sleep (Question 7) No 182 67 134 383
  Yes 16 184 7 207
  No response 5 4 3 12
  Total 203 255 144 602
  1. The numbers in bold italicsrepresent the maximum number of all respondents that may be considered to use a sleep aid (N = 278).