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Table 3 Model based means (LS-means) and structure of reimbursements per patient in Swiss Francs

From: Extent and structure of health insurance expenditures for complementary and alternative medicine in Swiss primary care

Type of reimbursement certified CAM noncertified CAM COM
  LS-mean CI 95 % LS-mean CI 95 % LS-mean CI 95 %
Consultation related costs* 408a 362–455 56.2 304b 258–350 40.8 278b 231–326 39.1
Referral costs* 63a 47–78 8.7 82b 67–97 11.0 76ab 60–91 10.7
   - Lab analyses* 25a 16–34 3.4 39b 30–47 5.2 35b 26–44 4.9
   - Physiotherapy 37 28–47 5.1 43 33–52 5.8 40 30–50 5.6
Total costs for medication* (directly dispensed & referred) 255a 213–297 35.1 362b 320–404 48.5 362b 319–405 50.9
   - Costs of dispensed medication* 96a 68–125 13.2 135b 107–163 18.1 132b 103–160 18.6
   - Prescriptions 161a 115–207 22.2 227b 181–272 30.4 228b 181–275 32.1
Total costs 726 661–792 100.0 746 681–811 100.0 711 644–778 100.0
  1. * Significant overall difference between groups (p < 0.05).
  2. % Percentage of total cost per patient.
  3. a, b, c Different superscripts indicate significant differences between groups (multivariate linear models).
  4. LS-means of total cost are not the exact sum of estimates of cost components.