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Table 3 Differences in attitudes towards part-time work between full-time and part-time working specialists in internal medicine in 1996 and in 2004

From: Internal medicine specialists' attitudes towards working part-time: a comparison between 1996 and 2004

  1996 (n = 200) 2004 (n = 327)
  Part-timers Full-timers Part-timers Full-timers
- Part-time working is restrictive towards autonomy 2.5 2.0 2.6 2.3**
- A part-time specialist invests as much in overhead-tasks (e.g. administration) as full-time specialists 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.6**
- A small part-time job (< 0.3 FTE) at the start of a career is disastrous for building up an independent position as a specialist 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3
- Working part-time is threatening to the continuity of patient care 2.3 1.5 2.4 1.8***
- Part-time working is negative for communication and contacts with colleagues 2.2 1.7 2.2 1.8*
- For professionalism, working part-time or full-time is not important 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.2*
- For a part-time specialist it is not possible to build up a network with other health care partners 2.5 2.0 2.6 2.3***
- The lesser hours worked the lesser efficiency will be reached 2.3 1.8 2.3 1.8
- If the proportion of part-time specialists increases, the flexibility of task division will be higher 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.7
- The number of part-time specialists in our speciality have reached a ceiling 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.5*
  1. Attitude was scored from 1–3: 1=I fully agree and 3=I do not agree at all. A higher score reflects a more positive attitude. (Item 2, 6 and 9 were recoded).
  2. All comparisons with t-tests between part-timers in 1996 and 2004 and between full-timers in 1996 and in 2004
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001