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Table 2 Association of Colon Cancer Screening with Demographics, Characteristics of Visits to the Primary Care Office, and Preventive Services Usage from Medical Records

From: Predictors of colorectal cancer screening in diverse primary care practices

Characteristic FOBTa <1/year
(n = 907) %
Annual FOBT
(n = 74) %
P FOBT never
(n = 462) %
FOBT ever
(n = 519) %
P No EBEb
(n = 762) %
EBE
(n = 219) %
P
Demographics          
Age (ref. = 75 + years)          
   64–74 years 61 62 0.852 57 65 0.005 59 69 0.007
Race (ref. = African-American)          
   Caucasian 92 90 0.523 93 91 0.24 92 92 0.921
Gender (ref. = male)          
   Female 53 23 <.001 60 43 <.001 54 40 <.001
Marital status          
   Never married 4 7 0.103 5 4 0.03 4 6 <.001
   Married 53 65   51 57   51 65  
   Widowed 34 20   37 28   36 22  
   Divorced/separated 9 8   7 10   9 7  
Education          
   < High school 30 32 0.512 28 32 0.68 32 25 0.06
   Some high school 45 50   47 44   45 46  
   High school grad/tech school 20 14   20 19   19 21  
   Some college 5 4   5 5   4 8  
Stratum          
   Rural 19 4 <.001c 24 12 <.001 20 12 0.015
   Urban 47 23   47 43   43 52  
   Veterans' Affairs 19 64   14 30   22 25  
   Inner city 15 9   15 14   15 11  
Employed (ref. = unemployed) 15 15 0.931 12 18 0.025 16 14 0.479
Income level          
   <$10,000 19 10 0.237 21 17 0.423 20 13 0.02
   $10,000–19,999 38 48   39 39   39 38  
   $20,000–39,999 29 30   27 31   29 30  
   ≥$40,000 14 12   13 14   12 19  
Smoking status          
   Smoker 11 4 .023c 11 11 0.001 11 11 0.326
   Quitter 40 32   45 34   41 35  
   Never smoker 48 64   44 55   49 54  
Characteristics of Visits to Primary Care and Preventive Services Usage from Medical Records
Visits/year to primary care officed          
   < 2 36 20 <.001 38 32 0.009 37 29 <.001
   2 – 3 27 18   27 24   27 21  
   3 – 4 25 38   21 31   24 34  
   ≥5 12 24   13 12   11 17  
Visits to designated PCPe,f          
   0 – 25% 8 5 .368c 8 8 0.011 7 10 0.608
   26 – 50% 12 14   14 10   12 12  
   51 – 75% 19 12   15 23   19 20  
   76 – 100% 61 69   64 60   62 59  
Mammography status/time since last mammogram          
   Never 11 12 0.836 15 5 <.001 11 8 0.072
   < 1 year 59 65   54 66   57 70  
   ≥1 year 30 24   31 29   32 22  
Annual influenza vaccine 16 38 <.001 14 20 0.014 16 21 0.093
Pneumococcal vaccine 63 74 0.093 56 71 <.001 63 69 0.069
Tetanus toxoid within 10 yrs. 32 45 0.025 26 39 <.001 32 36 0.245
  1. aFecal Occult Blood Test
  2. bEndoscopy/Barium Enema
  3. cBy Fisher's Exact Test
  4. dVisits/year was a continuous variable which was grouped as <2, 2-<3, 3-<5 and ≥5, but given simplified labels in the Table.
  5. ePrimary Care Provider
  6. fVisits to identified PCP was a continuous variable which was grouped as 0-<26%, 26%-<50%, 50%-<75% and ≥75%, but given simplified labels in the Table.
  7. Totals may differ from 100% due to rounding