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Table 3 Comparisons among self-reports and EMR data by ethnic group

From: Ethnic minorities and prescription medication; concordance between self-reports and medical records

  Dutch Morocco Turkey Netherlands Antilles Surinam
self-reported receipt of a prescription vs. EMR prescribed medication      
   Percentage agreement      
both yes 4.5 3.7 10.1 5.6 9.9
both no 73.8 70.4 62.7 65.2 59.6
   Total agreement 78.3 74.1 72.8 70.8 69.5
   Percentage disagreement      
underreporting 11.2 5.8 7.9 10.1 8.5
overreporting 10.6 20.1 19.3 19.1 22.0
   total disagreement 21.8 25.9 27.2 29.2 30.5
   kappa 0.16 0.10 0.26 0.11 0.21
self-reported use of prescribed medication vs. EMR prescribed medication      
   Percentage agreement      
both yes 13.2 6.9 11.7 11.2 15.6
both no 49.3 59.3 54.8 53.9 43.3
   total agreement 62.5 66.2 66.5 65.1 58.9
   Percentage disagreement      
underreporting 2.5 2.6 6.1 4.5 2.8
overreporting 35.0 31.2 27.4 30.3 38.3
   total disagreement 37.5 33.8 33.5 34.8 41.1
   Kappa 0.23 0.16 0.22 0.21 0.22