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Table 2 Sex differences in having visited a health care professional or received hospital care during the previous year (odds ratios for women with 95% confidence intervals, men = 1) among 65–74-year-old persons in areas 1 of Norway (1995–97) and Finland (1997).

From: Gender differences in health care use among the elderly population in areas of Norway and Finland. A cross-sectional analysis based on the HUNT study and the FINRISK Senior Survey

   NORWAY OR (95% CI) FINLAND OR (95% CI)
   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
VISITS TO A PHYSICIAN
Total   1.3 (1.1–1.4) 1.2 (1.04–1.3) 1.1 (1.01–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.8 (1.3–2.6) 1.9 (1.2–2.7) 2.0 (1.3–2.9) 2.1 (1.4–3.1)
Age 65 to 69 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.5 (1.2–1.9) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 2.1 (1.3–3.4) 2.2 (1.3–3.6) 2.3 (1.4–3.9)
  70 to 74 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.02 (0.9–1.2) 0.99 (0.8–1.2) 0.99 (0.8–1.2) 1.6 (0.9–2.6) 1.5 (0.9–2.6) 1.7 (0.96–3.1) 1.8 (0.95–3.5)
VISITS TO A GENERAL PRACTITIONER
Total   1.3 (1.1–1.4) 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.2 (1.1–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.4 (1.02–1.8) 1.4 (1.1–1.9) 1.4 (1.03–1.9) 1.3 (0.9–1.8)
Age 65 to 69 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.5 (0.99–2.1) 1.5 (1.04–2.2) 1.5 (1.03–2.3) 1.4 (0.9–2.2)
  70 to 74 1.1 (0.97–1.3) 1.04 (0.9–1.2) 1.03 (0.9–1.2) 1.04 (0.9–1.3) 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 1.2 (0.7–1.9) 1.1 (0.7–1.9)
VISITS TO A SPECIALIST
Total   0.8 (0.8–0.9) 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 0.7 (0.7–0.8) 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 1.3 (1.00–1.6) 1.3 (1.02–1.6) 1.3 (0.98–1.7) 1.3 (0.95–1.7)
Age 65 to 69 0.9 (0.8–1.04) 0.9 (0.8–1.04) 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 1.3 (0.96–1.8) 1.4 (1.00–1.9) 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 1.4 (0.97–2.1)
  70 to 74 0.8 (0.7–0.9) 0.7 (0.7–0.9) 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.8 (0.6–0.9) 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 1.1 (0.8–1.7) 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 1.1 (0.7–1.6)
HOSPITAL CARE 2
Total   0.7 (0.6–0.7) 0.6 (0.6–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 1.00 (0.8–1.3) 1.00 (0.8–1.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 0.8 (0.6–1.2)
Age 65 to 69 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.97 (0.7–1.4) 1.01 (0.7–1.5) 0.9 (0.6–1.4) 0.9 (0.5–1.4)
  70 to 74 0.6 (0.6–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 1.00 (0.7–1.5) 0.98 (0.6–1.5) 0.96 (0.6–1.5) 0.8 (0.5–1.4)
VISITS TO A PHYSIOTHERAPY
Total   1.7 (1.5–2.0) 1.6 (1.4–1.9) 1.4 (1.3–1.7) 1.5 (1.3–1.7) 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.04 (0.8–1.4) 1.1 (0.8–1.5)
Age 65 to 69 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.7) 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 1.8 (1.1–2.8) 1.9 (1.1 -3.1)
  70 to 74 1.9 (1.6–2.4) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 1.6 (1.3–2.0) 1.7 (1.3–2.1) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.6 (0.4–0.98) 0.6 (0.4–1.1)
  1. 1 Nord-Tröndelag in Norway, Helsinki Metropolitan area and North-Karelia in Finland
  2. 2 In Norway: during the past 5 years, In Finland: during the past 12 months.
  3. Model 1: adjusted for age and (in Finland) region
  4. Model 2: adjusted for age, self-rated health and (in Finland) region
  5. Model 3: adjusted for age, self-rated health, self-reported chronic diseases and (in Finland) region
  6. Model 4: adjusted for age, self-rated health and self-reported chronic diseases, level of education, marital status, and (in Finland) region.