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Table 4 Characteristics of patients (n = 1,733)

From: What factors explain the number of physical therapy treatment sessions in patients referred with low back pain; a multilevel analysis

Demographic     
   % (No) Mean (SD)
Age in years    48.7 (16.3)
Male 45.2 (783)   
Education Low 30.8 (534)   
  Middle 26.3 (456)   
  High 13.5 (234)   
  Unknown 29.4 (509)   
Health insurance Public 56.7 (983)   
  Private 24.2 (420)   
  Unknown 19.0 (330)   
High urbanization rate (> 1,000 addresses per km2)1 58.9 (1,021)   
Complaints     
Duration complaint < 1 month (acute) 48.2 (835)   
  > 1 month (chronic) 51.8 (898)   
Recurrent complaint2 47.0 (815)   
Previous physical therapy3 47.1 (817)   
Referred by general practitioner 95.2 (1,650)   
Treatment      
Treatment goal Maintaining body position (yes) 18.1 (313)   
  Changing body position (yes) 19.0 (329)   
  Functions of mobility (yes) 39.6 (687)   
  Functions of muscles (yes) 14.3 (247)   
  Pain (yes) 11.4 (197)   
Interventions Massage (yes) 34.4 (596)   
  Manual manipulation (yes) 37.9 (657)   
  Physical modalities (yes) 12.0 (208)   
  Exercise therapy (yes) 65.8 (1,141)   
  Information/advice (yes) 27.1 (469)   
Number of treatment sessions    9.9 (6.6)
  1. 1 [27]
  2. 2 recurrent complaint is defined as a complaint appearing after a complaint-free episode lasting at least four weeks and at most two years
  3. 3 for the same or other complaint