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Table 1 Characteristics of home care clients in the WRHA and Ontario*

From: Risk adjustment methods for Home Care Quality Indicators (HCQIs) based on the minimum data set for home care

  WRHA (n = 6704) ON (n = 5063) p value
  % %  
Age    
Mean (95% CI**) 76.0 (74.9, 77.0) 75.6 (75.2, 76.0) 0.49
18–64 13.4 16.5 <0.0001
65–74 16.5 19.2  
75–84 39.9 40.7  
85 and older 30.0 23.6  
Sex    
Female 69.2 70.5 0.14
Marital status    
Never married 11.5 8.7 <0.0001
Married/widowed 79.4 82.7  
Separated/divorced 8.2 7.9  
Other 0.8 0.7  
Primary language    
English 85.6 85.1 0.63
French 3.5 3.8  
Other 10.9 11.1  
Aboriginal status    
Origin is Inuit, Metis or North American Indian 3.2 1.6 <0.0001
Cognitive Performance Scale    
Mean (95% CI) 0.8 (0.8, 0.8) 0.8 (0.8, 0.9) 0.07
0 – intact 63.0 60.4 <0.0001
1 – borderline intact 15.0 18.4  
1 – borderline intact 15.0 18.4  
2 – mild impairment 8.4 7.3  
3 – moderate impairment 10.9 10.1  
4 – moderate to severe impairment 0.8 1.0  
5 – severe impairment 1.5 2.5  
6 – very severe impairment 0.5 0.4  
ADL Self-Performance Hierarchy Scale    
Mean (95% CI) 0.5 (0.5, 0.6) 0.7 (0.6, 0.7) <0.0001
0 – independent 78.0 72.9 <0.0001
1 – supervision required 5.2 7.9  
2 – limited impairment 8.9 8.5  
3 – extensive assistance required (level I) 4.7 5.4  
4 – extensive assistance required (level II) 1.6 2.6  
5 – dependent 1.1 2.0  
6 – total dependence 0.5 0.7  
Pain Scale    
Mean (95% CI) 1.2 (1.2, 1.2) 1.3 (1.3, 1.4) <0.0001
0 – no pain 39.8 34.9 <0.0001
1 – less than daily pain 14.4 14.1  
2 – daily pain but not severe 31.6 33.8  
3 – severe daily pain 14.2 17.2  
Top 3 medical diagnoses***    
Arthritis 49.4 44.8 <0.0001
Hypertension 42.2 37.4 <0.0001
Diabetes 19.1 20.1 0.24
  1. * client characteristics and scale values based on first submitted MDS-HC assessment
  2. ** CI = confidence interval
  3. *** disease was present and was or was not being treated or monitored by a home care professional
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