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Table 4 Input variables and cost estimates for appropriate manoeuvres (1999 dollars)

From: Cost savings associated with improving appropriate and reducing inappropriate preventive care: cost-consequences analysis

Variable Value and Rangea Source
A & B Manœuvres   
Folic Acid   
Difference in no. of eligible patients counseled 1495 (854, 2136) (36)
Probability of reducing neural tube defects .00058 (55)
Life-time treatment costs of Spina Bifida $201,822b (51)
Smoking Cessation Counselling/NRT   
Difference in no. of eligible patients counseled 253 (-1072, 1577) (36)
Efficacy of NRT .06 (3)
Incidence of lung cancer in smokers .0024 (48)
Treatment costs for lung cancer $7,074 (56)
Mammography 50 to 69 years of age   
Difference in no. of eligible women screened 1513 (505, 2521) (36)
Incidence of breast cancer .003165 (42)
Cost of a mammogram $76.54 (57)
Treatment costs saved for each breast cancer $2,522 (42)
Hypertension Treatment   
Difference in no. of eligible patients treated -145 (-739, 449) (36)
Efficacy of treatment of stroke .42 (3)
Incidence of stroke .0018 (47)
Efficacy of treatment of heart disease .14 (3)
Incidence of heart disease .00196 (47)
Treatment cost per case for stroke $3,815 (56)
Treatment cost per case for heart disease $3,303 (56)
STD Screening   
Difference in no. of eligible patients screened 645 (-253, 1542) (36)
Cost of gonorrhoeae and chlamydia culture $55 (57)
Incidence of gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia infection .08 (49)
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) prevented .14 (50)
Treatment cost per case for PID $1,782 (49)
Flu Vaccination   
Difference in no. of eligible patients vaccinated 3364(1928,4799) (36)
Cost of flu vaccination $3.75 (43)
Pneumonia hospitalizations averted 4.1 per 1000 (43)
Chronic respiratory hospitalizations averted 10.4 per 1000 (43)
Congestive heart failure hospitalizations averted 2 per 1000 (43)
Emergency room visits avoided 21.6 per 1000 (43)
Emergency room visit cost $76.00 (44)
Cost of pneumonia hospitalization $4,462 (56)
Cost of chronic respiratory hospitalization $4,445 (56)
Cost of heart failure hospitalization $5,417 (56)
Cervical Cytology   
Difference in no. of eligible patients screened 2196 (559, 3833) (36)
Cost of PAP test $57.17 (57)
Incidence of cervical cancer .00013 (46)
Treatment costs saved for each women screened $9,813 (41)
  1. a 95% Confidence Intervals
  2. b 10% discount