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Table 2 Guideline-derived elements of care used to indicate shortcomings in care among stroke patients and controls

From: The role of 'confounding by indication' in assessing the effect of quality of care on disease outcomes in general practice: results of a case-control study

Practice guideline Elements of care Cases Controls
Arguments derived from practice guideline: Hypertension - Detection of hypertension 1 2
  - Confirmation diagnosis hypertension 2 1
  - Pharmacologic therapy (anti-hypert. med) 2 1
  - Follow-up (quarterly) 8 17
  - Follow-up (annually) 3 16
Arguments derived from practice guideline: Diabetes mellitus - Follow-up (quarterly) 4 3
  - Laboratory evaluation 1 0
  - Referral to eye specialist 1 0
Arguments derived from practice guideline: TIA - Treatment (therapy and follow-up after TIA) 1 1
Arguments derived from more than one practice Guideline - Advice to quit smoking 2 0
  - Dietary advice (overweight) 1 0
  - Evaluation of cardiovascular risk profile 2 0
Total number of shortcomings 28 41
Total number of patients with shortcomings 16 40
  1. TIA, Transient Ischemic Attack
  2. Note: each patient could have more than one element of sub-optimal care
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