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Table 4 Level II primary interventions (Ellis score) ranked by Oxford classification

From: Audit of therapeutic interventions in inpatient children using two scores: are they evidence-based in developing countries?

Diagnosis Patients Prescribed therapeutic intervention Oxford classification Reference
Severe dehydration 1 IV ClNa 0.9% bolus, Rehydration in 04 hours D{5}, B{2b} 20
Severe dehydration 6 IV ClNa 0.9% bolus, Rehydration in 24 hours D{5}, D{5} 20
Moderate dehydration 1 IV 80 ml/Kg in 04 hours B{2b} 20
Moderate dehydration 1 IV 80 ml/Kg in 06 hours D{5} 20
Moderate dehydration 43 IV Rehydration in 24 hours D{5} 20
Mild dehydration 4 IV Rehydration in 24 hours D{5} 20
Severe dehydration 6 IV ClNa 0.9% bolus, Rehydration in 24 hours D{5}, D5} 20
CA Pneumonia (<5 years) 33 Ampicillin/Ceftriaxone/Chloramphenicol D{5} 21
CA Pneumonia (<5 years) 2 Ceftriaxone-Oxacillin/Ceftazidime-Vancomycin D{5} 21
CA Pneumonia (<5 years) 1 Ampicillin-Amikacin D{5} 21
CA Pneumonia (>5 years) 4 Penicillin G sodium D{5} 21
CHF 2 Fluid restriction, Furosemide, Captopril, Spironolactone D{5}, D{5}, B{2b}, B{1a} 22, 23, 24
CHF 3 Fluid restriction, Furosemide-Captopril D{5}, D{5}, B{1a} 22, 23, 24
CHF 1 Fluid restriction, Hydrochlorothiazide, Captopril D{5}, D{5}, B{1a} 22, 23, 24
Haemophilia A 3 Cryoprecipitate/Frozen fresh plasma D{5} 25
Cyanotic crisis 2 Meperidine – Ethylephrine D{5} 26
Nosocomial pneumonia 2 Ceftazidime-Vancomycin-Clindamycin D{5} 27
Vaso-occlusive crisis (SCA) 1 Lysine-clonixinate D{5} 28
Dilated cardiomyopathy 1 Lanatoside C-Furosemide-Captopril D{5}, B{2b} 29, 30
Dilated cardiomyopathy 1 Furosemide-Captopril-Spironolactone D{5}, B{2b}, D{5} 29, 30
Status epilepticus 1 Diazepam – Phenytoin B{2a} 31, 32
Bacterial meningitis 1 Ceftriaxone C 33
Dysenteric acute diarrhoea 1 Ceftriaxone B{3b} 34
Invasive acute diarrhoea 1 Ceftriaxone B{3b} 34
Recurrent UTI 1 Ciprofloxacin C 35
Mild acute pancreatitis 1 Soft diet (low in fat) – Ranitidine D{5} 36, 37, 38
Hydrocarbon ingestion 1 Nil per os – Soft diet D{5} 39, 40
PSVT 1 Adenosine B{1b} 41
Aspiration pneumonia 1 Chloramphenicol D{5} 42
Post infectious cerebellitis 1 Acetaminophen D5 43
  1. CA: community acquired; CHF: congestive heart failure; SCA: sickle-cell anaemia; IV: intravenous; ORS: oral rehydration solution; PSVT: paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.