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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of study participants

From: Effects of home visits by home nurses to elderly people with health problems: design of a randomised clinical trial in the Netherlands [ISRCTN92017183]

Characteristic Intervention group n = 160 Control group n = 170
Age 75.8 (3.7) 75.6 (3.9)
Gender   
   male 64 (40%) 68 (40%)
   female 96 (60%) 102 (60%)
Composition of household   
   alone 53 (34%) 61 (36%)
   together 103 (66%) 108 (64%)
Education   
   primary school 60 (39%) 65 (39%)
   lower/middle professional education 81 (52%) 92 (55%)
   higher professional education 15 (10%) 11 (6%)
Self-rated health*   
   1–4 62 (39%) 67 (39%)
   5 98 (61%) 103 (61%)
Functional status**   
   Adl-dependencies 0 73 (46%) 81 (48%)
  1–11 86 (54%) 89 (52%)
   Iadl-dependencies 0–1 76 (49%) 83 (50%)
  2–7 79 (51%) 82 (50%)
   Total number of dependencies 0–2 83 (53%) 92 (55%)
  3–18 75 (47%) 76 (45%)
Health change in previous 3 months   
   same/better 85 (53%) 82 (48%)
   worse 75 (47%) 88 (52%)
Health affects social participation   
   often 82 (53%) 87 (51%)
   sometimes 49 (32%) 50 (29%)
   never 24 (16%) 33 (19%)
Contact GP in last 3 months   
   yes (no is remaining %) 140 (88%) 150 (88%)
Contact specialist in last 3 months   
   yes (no is remaining %) 108 (69%) 117 (70%)
Hospital admission in last 3 months   
   yes (no is remaining %) 21 (13%) 24 (14%)
Use of home care   
   yes (no is remaining %) 64 (40%) 61 (37%)
  1. * Indicated by a report mark on a scale ranging from 1 to 10 points. Participants with a poor health status were included (report mark below 6).
  2. ** Refers to 11 activities of daily living (Adl) and 7 instrumental activities of daily living (Iadl) or housekeeping activities (GARS). Adl / Iadl-dependencies: indicates the number of activities for which the elderly are dependent on others in order to carry out the activity.