Skip to main content

Table 3 Variables associated with cigarette smoking in diabetic subjects. Figures are frequencies (per cent of row total) and odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) adjusted for each of the variables showna.

From: Cigarette smoking, health status, socio-economic status and access to health care in diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional survey

   Current smoker/total (%) Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Sex Men 166/901 (18) 1.00 0.019
  Women 130/945 (13) 0.71 (0.53 to 0.95)  
Age < 45 60/219 (27) 1.00 < 0.001
  45–54 49/220 (22) 0.83 (0.58 to 1.17)  
  55–64 78/510 (15) 0.47 (0.29 to 0.79)  
  65–74 78/541 (14) 0.41 (0.26 to 0.64)  
  ≥ 75 25/317 (8) 0.18 (0.11 to 0.32)  
  Not known 6/39 (15) 0.71 (0.32 to 1.57)  
Ethnic Group White 189/893 (21) 1.00 < 0.001
  Afro-Caribbean 62/520 (12) 0.53 (0.36 to 0.77)  
  African 10/170 (6) 0.12 (0.06 to 0.24)  
  Other 29/220 (13) 0.51 (0.34 to 0.79)  
  Not known 6/43 (14) 0.69 (0.27 to 1.73)  
Duration of Diabetes (years)    
  0–4 90/484 (18) 1.00 0.001
  5–9 86/456 (18) 1.09 (0.70 to 1.69)  
  10–14 40/307 (13) 0.71 (0.54 to 0.95)  
  15–19 18/175 (10) 0.49 (0.28 to 0.85)  
  ≥ 20 33/202 (16) 0.79 (0.48 to 1.30)  
  Not known 29/222 (13) 0.73 (0.48 to 1.10)  
Housing Tenure Owner 73/655 (11) 1.00 < 0.001
  Rented 207/1072 (19) 2.02 (1.48 to 2.74)  
  Not known 16/119 (13) 1.24 (0.77 to 2.00)  
  1. acurrent smoking was not independently associated with educational attainment, car ownership, social class or type of diabetes bdata for 53 subjects with 'not known smoking status were omitted