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Table 1 Measures of health outcome, back pain beliefs and psychological profile

From: UK Back pain Exercise And Manipulation (UK BEAM) trial – national randomised trial of physical treatments for back pain in primary care: objectives, design and interventions [ISRCTN32683578]

Measure Authors Items Initial 1/12 3/12 12/12
SF-36 health survey Ware & Sherbourne [43] 36 Yes Yes Yes Yes
EuroQol EuroQol Group [59] 6 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Roland Morris Disability
Questionnaire
Roland & Morris [41]
Patrick et al. [47]
24 + 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fear Avoidance Beliefs
Questionnaire
Waddell et al. [51] 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Back Beliefs Questionnaire Symonds et al. [64] 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Modified Von Korff Von Korff et al. [48]
Underwood et al. [49]
6 Yes Yes Yes Yes
'Troublesomeness' etc Deyo [65] 6 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Specific health transition Beurskens et al. [50] 1 Yes Yes Yes Yes
DRAM Main et al. [56] 36 Yes No No No