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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics

From: Hospital competition, resource allocation and quality of care

  Mean Standard Deviation
Beds   
   1982 193 154
   1989 199 150
Expenditures ('000)   
   1982 16,323 16,901
1989 28,210*** 30,221
Expenditures per adjusted discharge   
   1982 2,568 898
   1989 4,214*** 1,547
Occupancy (%)   
   1982 62.3 15.2
   1989 55.2*** 16.9
Inpatient all payers case mix index   
   1983 1.17 0.22
   1989 1.27*** 0.28
Ownership (%)   
   For profit 26.0  
   Non profit 74.0  
private 52.6  
public 6.6  
district 14.8  
Teaching (%) 15.4  
Mortality – all causes 1989   
   Observed rate 10% 3%
   Predicted rate 10% 2%
AMI mortality 1989   
   Observed rate 28% 14%
   Predicted rate 27% 4%
CHF mortality 1989   
   Observed rate 16% 7%
   Predicted rate 15% 2%
Pneumonia mortality 1989   
   Observed rate 16% 7%
   Predicted rate 16% 2%
Stroke mortality 1989   
   Observed rate 21% 10%
   Predicted rate 21% 3%
Competition (HHI)   
   1982 0.31 0.16
   1989 0.30 0.16
  1. Significantly different from 1982: *0.05 ≤ p < 0.1, **0.001 ≤ p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001