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Table 1 Summary of standardized tests used in routine patient care

From: Everyday uses of standardized test information in a geriatric setting: a qualitative study exploring occupational therapist and physiotherapist test administrators’ justifications

Ward Standardized test Administrator Description Scoring
Acute geriatric Berg balance scale (BBS) [28] PT A test of 14 items to test balance and risk of falling in older adults. A five-point scale, ranging from 0 to 4. Zero is lowest level and 4 the highest level of function. Total Score = 56.
Timed “up and go” test (TUG) [29] PT Tests dynamic balance and mobility skills in older adults. Timed in seconds. Lower than 10 seconds is normal. More than 10 seconds indicates reduced mobility.
  Mini-mental score examination (MMSE) [30] OT Samples cognitive functions such as arithmetic and recall ability, short-term memory, and orientation to time and place. Full score is 30 points. Scores greater than or equal to 25 indicate normal cognition.
  Clock drawing test (CDT) [32] OT Screens cognitive and perceptual functions. A modified version of Shulman [31] was used to rank clock drawings on a scale of 0 to 5, with 5 as best score and 0 as worst.
Stroke unit Mini-mental score examination OT   
  Clock drawing test OT   
  Trail making test A and B (TMT) [33, 34] OT Tests visual attention and task switching. Timed in seconds. Higher scores reveal greater impairment.
  Motor assessment scale (MAS) [35] PT Tests motor function and muscle tone in stroke patients. Each item is scored on a seven-point scale from 0 to 6.
  1. The noted abbreviations will be used in presenting our findings.