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Table 4 Costs in € (year 2009 values) during 3-month period for users of respective services

From: Health care costs in the elderly in Germany: an analysis applying Andersen’s behavioral model of health care utilization

  Mean costs in € per respondent (SD)  
Resource All Male Female p-valuea
  n = varies n = varies n = varies  
Inpatient care 4,517.7 (4,555.4) 4,355.6 (4,347.4) 4,663 (4,745.7) 0.56
Outpatient care     
  Outpatient physician services 183.0 (237.2) 178.6 (266.0) 187.0 (208.2) 0.35
  Non-physician providers 144.6 (160.1) 143.1 (108.3) 146.1 (181.4) 0.83
  Medical supplies and dental prostheses 285.6 (804.9) 306.1 (922.1) 270.8 (708.8) 0.57
  Pharmaceuticals 200.4 (305.1) 214.7 (318.0) 187.6 (292.6) 0.02
Nursing care     
  Formal 909.2 (1361.9) 1,011.0 (1,974.1) 855.7 (963.3) 0.81
  Informal 2,515.8 (3,361.4) 4,021.5 (4,219.4) 1,398.6 (1,968.5) <0.01
Any service or good 906.8 (2,200.2) 912.7 (2,248.1) 901.4 (2,157.1) 0.89
  1. aSimple OLS regression with bootstrapped standard errors (4,000 replications).