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Table 3 Patient and treatment characteristics of all admissions in a locally institutionalized versus a deinstitutionalized system of mental health services

From: Local psychiatric beds appear to decrease the use of involuntary admission: a case-registry study

Service system   Deinstitutionalized Locally institutionalized
N   2022 3316
Age (mean)   38.0 (Sd = 13.3)** 39.5(Sd = 13.1)**
Gender Female 1118 (55.3%)** 1988 (60.0%)**
Male 904 (44.7%)** 1328 (40.0%)**
Diagnosis Observation 339 (16.8%)** 917 (27.7%)**
Substance abuse 255 (12.6%)** 135 (4.1%)**
Psychosis 218 (10.8%)** 535 (16.1%)**
Affective 400 (19.8%)* 759 (22.9%)*
Anxiety 444 (22.0%) 695 (21.0%)
Anorexia n. 66 (3.3%)** 56 (1.7%)**
Personality d. 137 (6.8%)** 121 (3.6%)**
Others 163 (8.1%)** 98 (3.0%)**
Level of care Inpatient 758 (37.5%) 1174 (35.4%)
Outpatient 1264 (62.5%) 2142 (64.6%)
Involuntary admission   113 (5.6%)* 131 (4.0%)*
Treatment volume (median) Inpatient stay (length of-) 5** 8**
Outpatient consultations 3** 2**
  1. 4-year registered prevalence sample (2003-2006), N = 5338.
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 when service-models are compared.