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Table 3 Ordinal logistic regression of 0, 1, or 2+ ED visits in past year on independent variables among adult enrollees of Minnesota Health Care Programs

From: An observational study of emergency department utilization among enrollees of Minnesota Health Care Programs: financial and non-financial barriers have different associations

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  OR p 95% C.I. OR p 95% C.I. OR p 95% C.I.
Financial concerns 1.003 0.950 0.926-1.086     0.939 0.219 0.849-1.038
Non-financial barriers     1.155 0.013 1.031-1.294 1.210 0.009 1.048-1.398
ED as usual provider 4.864 0.001 1.924-12.300 4.563 0.001 1.812-11.496 4.921 0.001 1.879-12.888
Mental health diagnosis 2.288 0.000 1.506-3.476 2.142 0.000 1.399-3.280 2.148 0.000 1.402-3.291
Injury or poisoning 4.562 0.000 2.974-6.997 4.843 0.000 3.133-7.487 4.806 0.000 3.106-7.437
# Office visits 1.081 0.000 1.040-1.123 1.081 0.000 1.040-1.123 1.080 0.000 1.040-1.123
# Inpatient stays 3.697 0.000 2.302-5.940 3.926 0.000 2.451-6.287 3.932 0.000 2.467-6.266
Age 0.994 0.337 0.983-1.006 0.996 0.490 0.984-1.008 0.996 0.519 0.984-1.008
Female 1.016 0.942 0.654-1.580 0.984 0.943 0.632-1.531 0.970 0.892 0.624-1.507
Education 0.900 0.091 0.797-1.017 0.892 0.059 0.791-1.004 0.892 0.061 0.792-1.005
Married 1.315 0.234 0.838-2.062 1.263 0.316 0.800-1.996 1.265 0.314 0.800-2.002
Employed 1.058 0.808 0.671-1.667 1.034 0.887 0.655-1.630 1.052 0.827 0.667-1.659
Born in U.S. 1.319 0.311 0.772-2.251 1.355 0.289 0.772-2.378 1.336 0.304 0.769-2.319
White, non-Hispanic          
Black 2.129 0.001 1.357-3.339 2.036 0.002 1.295-3.202 2.078 0.002 1.318-3.275
Hispanic/Latino 2.018 0.053 0.991-4.110 2.018 0.055 0.985-4.137 2.095 0.043 1.025-4.285
Asian 0.678 0.449 0.248-1.854 0.597 0.351 0.202-1.766 0.630 0.403 0.213-1.861
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.872 0.011 1.155-3.033 1.689 0.037 1.032-2.764 1.712 0.030 1.054-2.782
Cut-point 1 9.085 0.000 3.214-25.680 11.275 0.000 3.893-32.658 10.217 0.000 3.518-29.676
Cut-point 2 38.614 0.000 13.436-110.978 48.347 0.000 16.487-141.772 43.989 0.000 14.879-130.051
  1. N = 1737.
  2. Note: Analyses are weighted to account for sampling design.