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Table 1 Weighted descriptive statistics for adult enrollees of Health Care Programs

From: An observational study of emergency department utilization among enrollees of Minnesota Health Care Programs: financial and non-financial barriers have different associations

  Mean Percent [95% C.I.]
ED as usual source of care   1.54% 0.87% 2.22%
ED visits in past year     
  No ED visits   70.64% 66.99% 74.31%
  1 ED visit   17.11% 14.05% 20.16%
  2+ ED visits   12.25% 9.70% 14.79%
Any financial concern   72.84% 69.14% 76.54%
Count of financial concerns 2.92   2.71 3.12
Any non-financial barrier   61.67% 57.62% 65.73%
Count of practical barriers 1.58   1.45 1.72
Mental health diagnosis   29.02% 25.36% 32.68%
Injury or poisoning diagnosis   28.31% 24.50% 32.13%
Office visits in past year 4.98   4.57 5.38
Inpatient stay in past year (yes/no)   17.74% 14.66% 20.81%
Age 41.66   40.29 43.03
Female   66.18% 62.18% 70.19%
Education 4.59   4.47 4.70
  Never attended school   2.44% 1.90% 2.98%
  8th grade or less   5.10% 3.67% 6.52%
  Some high school   15.24% 12.42% 18.06%
  High school diploma/GED   31.78% 27.88% 35.68%
  Technical/vocational school   11.04% 8.27% 13.81%
  Some college/Associate's degree   24.38% 20.77% 28.00%
  Four-year college degree   8.61% 6.12% 11.10%
  Graduate/professional degree   1.41% 0.43% 2.39%
Born in the U.S.   84.32% 81.86% 86.77%
Married   40.32% 36.19% 44.45%
Employed   39.85% 35.70% 43.99%
White, non-Hispanic   66.13% 63.32% 68.95%
Black   14.27% 12.99% 15.56%
Hispanic/Latino   4.86% 4.00% 5.71%
Asian   7.24% 5.09% 9.39%
American Indian/Native American   6.94% 5.59% 8.29%
  1. N = 1737.
  2. Notes: Analyses are weighted to account for sampling design.