Skip to main content


Figure 1 | BMC Health Services Research

Figure 1

From: An observational study of emergency department utilization among enrollees of Minnesota Health Care Programs: financial and non-financial barriers have different associations

Figure 1

Adjusted chance of 0, 1, or 2+ ED visits, by count of non-financial barriers. X axis: Number of non-financial barriers (0–7) Y axis: Cumulative adjusted percent chance of ED visitsa (95% C.I.). Figure shows adjusted percent chance of number of ED visits (0, 1, or 2+ visits) by number of non-financial access barriers; chances are cumulative (i.e., totaling to 100%). At zero non-financial barriers, the predicted chances of 0, 1, or 2+ ED visits are 78% (95% C.I.: 70.5%-85.5%), 15.9% (95% C.I.: 10.4%-21.3%), and 6.2% (95% C.I.: 3.5%-8.8%), respectively. The percent chance for 0 ED visits is lower, and those for 1 or 2+ ED visits are higher, across higher counts of non-financial barriers. Under the condition of having all seven non-financial barriers, the chances of 0, 1, or 2+ ED visits are, respectively, 48.2% (95% C.I.: 30.9%-65.6%), 31.8% (95% C.I.: 24.2%-39.5%), and 20% (95% C.I.: 8.4%-31.6%). aRepresents predicted probabilities for each outcome, based on estimates from ordinal logistic regression as shown in Table 3.

Back to article page