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Table 6 Results from random intercept model for the Quality Index of Service Organisation score–measures of variation, stratified by service target as Group Specific and Generic and by type of care as Mental Health Care, Social Care and General Health Care

From: Factors associated with quality of services for marginalized groups with mental health problems in 14 European countries

   Service target Service care
Group specific Generic Mental health Social care General health
Model 0 Fixed      
Intercept (SE) 10.06* (0.23) 10.26* (0.32) 10.32* (0.36) 10.03* (0.21) 10.13* (0.46)
Random      
Intercept (SE) 0.40 (0.25) 1.05 (0.53) 1.29 (0.63) 0.31 (0.2) 1.48 (1.18)
Residuals (SE) 3.79* (0.34) 3.83* (0.30) 3.71* (0.33) 3.92* (0.35) 2.61* (0.52)
ICC (%) 9.5 21.6 25.8 7.4 36.2
Model 1 Fixed      
Intercept (SE) 8.74* (0.34) 8.75* (0.36) 8.58* (0.44) 8.49* (0.31) 9.06* (0.51)
Total Programmes 0.17* (0.03) 0.16* (0.02) 0.17* (0.03) 0.21* (0.04) 0.17 (0.05)
Random      
Intercept (SE) 0.34 (0.22) 0.81 (0.42) 1.11 (0.55) 0.19 (0.16) 0.71 (0.74)
Residuals (SE) 3.48* (0.32) 3.37* (0.27) 3.25* (0.29) 3.49* (0.31) 2.46* (0.50)
ICC (%) 8.9 19.3 25.4 5.0 22.3
Model 2 Fixed      
Intercept (SE) 10.68* (1.06) 11.27* (1.20) 11.37* (1.48) 10.46* (0.79) 8.97 (2.01)
Total Programmes 0.16* (0.03) 0.16*(0.02) 0.17* (0.03) 0.20* (0.03) 0.16 (0.05)
Country-GDP -0.02 (0.01) -0.02 (0.01) -0.03 (0.01) -0.02 (0.01) 1.03E-3 (0.02)
Random      
Intercept (SE) 0.23 (0.18) 0.54 (0.32) 0.83 (0.45) 0.04 (0.09) 0.95 (0.94)
Residuals (SE) 3.48* (0.32) 3.37* (0.27) 3.25* (0.29) 3.49* (0.31) 2.44* (0.49)
ICC (%) 6.3 13.8 20.3 1.1 28.0
  1. *p < 0.001 (Wald Z statistic for random effects); SE = Standard Error; ICC = Interclass correlation coefficient.
  2. Model 0 = null model, baseline model without any exposure variable.
  3. Model 1 = adjusted for total number of programmes provided by services.
  4. Model 2 = adjusted for total number of programmes provided by services and country-level GDP (2008).