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Table 5 Results from random intercept model for the Quality Index of Service Organisation score–measures of variation

From: Factors associated with quality of services for marginalized groups with mental health problems in 14 European countries

   Model 0 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Fixed     
  Intercept (SE) 10.20* (0.25) 8.69* (0.28) 5.00 (2.26) 12.69* (2.17)
Service level Total programmes   0.17* (0.02) 0.16* (0.02) 0.16*(0.02)
  Total number of staff   2.10E-3 (1.19E-3) 2.05E-3 (1.09E-3) 1.98E-3 (1.08E-3)
Country level Gini    0.12 (0.08) 0.12 (0.05)
  Material Deprivation rate    -1.88E-3 (0.04) -0.14 (0.04)
  GDP     -0.05 (0.01)
  Random     
  Intercept (SE) 0.67 (0.33) 0.52 (0.26) 0.48 (0.27) 0.10 (0.08)
  Residuals (SE) 3.86* (0.23) 3.42* (0.20) 3.42* (0.20) 3.41* (0.20)
  ICC (%) 14.8 13.2 12.3 2.7
  1. *p < 0.001 (Wald Z statistic for random effects); SE = Standard Error; ICC = Interclass correlation coefficient.
  2. Model 0 = null model, baseline model without any exposure variable.
  3. Model 1 = adjusted for total number of programmes provided by services and number of staff.
  4. Model 2 = additionally adjusted for Gini coefficient (2008) and Material deprivation rate (2008).
  5. Model 2 = additionally adjusted for Gini coefficient (2008), Material deprivation rate (2008) and country-level GDP (2008).