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Table 2 Results of multilevel linear regression of associations between perceived quality and patient and facility-level characteristics, Tanzania, 2012

From: Determinants of perceived quality of obstetric care in rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  OLS coefficient (95% CI)
Fixed effects: individual-level variables (n = 761)  
Maternal factors  
Age 0.01 (-0.02, 0.05)
Any secondary education -1.44 (-2.38, -0.51)**
Household wealth: richest 20% -0.23 (-0.90, 0.44)
Listens to the radio daily -0.99 (-1.52, -0.47)***
Past maternal health experiences  
Number of ANC services receiveda 0.46 (0.18, 0.74)**
Had at least one newborn who died 0.87 (-0.28, 2.02)
Current care experience  
Processes  
Number of delivery services receivedb 0.55 (0.27, 0.83)***
Experienced disrespect or abuse -4.13 (-5.02, -3.24)***
Outcomes  
Borrowed money or sold assets to pay for services -0.24 (-1.02, 0.53)
Fixed effects: health facility-level variables (n = 24)  
Inputs/infrastructure  
Index of equipment, supplies, and drugs availablec -0.10 (-0.50, 0.30)
Facility average health worker confidence on 35 maternal, newborn, and HIV skills -0.03 (-0.05, -0.01)**
Processes  
Number of emergency obstetric services provided in past 3 months (max. 7)d -0.07 (-0.36, 0.22)
Number of postnatal services routinely provided (max. 11)e 0.48 (0.15, 0.81)**
Random effects (variance partitioned)  
Individual-level plus random 100
Health facility-level 0
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.
  2. aStandardized index of 9 ANC services: diagnostics, treatment, and counseling.
  3. bStandardized index of 9 delivery and postnatal counseling services.
  4. cStandardized index of facility availability of 29 equipment, drugs, and supplies essential for maternal and neonatal care.
  5. dStandardized index of 7 basic emergency obstetric and newborn (BEmONC) services performed in past 3 months.
  6. eStandardized index of 11 postnatal exam and services that the facility routinely provides for the mother and newborn.