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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for full sample of 855 women, Tanzania 2012

From: Determinants of perceived quality of obstetric care in rural Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  n (%)
Level 1: individuals (n = 855 a )  
Maternal factors  
Socio-demographic  
  Age (mean, SD) 27.66 ± 6.53
  Any secondary education 71 (8.31)
  Household wealth: richest 20% 188 (22.09)
  Farmer or homemaker 687 (81.01)
  Head of household 36 (4.21)
  Owns own mobile phone 319 (37.49)
  Listens to the radio daily 534 (62.46)
Health/well-being  
  Full function on EQ-5Db 589 (68.89)
Availability of care  
  Distance from village center to nearest hospital (km) (mean, SD) 39.19 ± 21.69
  Density of health facilities within 30 km of home village center (mean, SD) 13.74 ± 8.46
Past maternal health experiences  
  Number of previous deliveries (mean, SD) 2.45 ± 2.01
  Had at least one newborn who died 46 (5.38)
  >3 ANC visits for most recent pregnancy 532 (63.11)
  Number of ANC services received (max. 9)c (mean, SD) 6.96 ± 1.56
Current care experience  
Processes  
  Number of delivery services received (max. 9)d (mean, SD) 6.13 ± 2.22
  Experienced disrespect and abuse 77 (9.07)
  Had a complication during delivery 800 (94.12)
Outcomes  
  Child is alive 843 (98.83)
  Doctor/nurse fees, drugs, supplies, tests (USD) (mean, SD) 5.94 ± 4.84
  Borrowed money or sold assets to pay for services 105 (12.46)
Dependent variable: quality ratings i  
  Greeted and talked to respectfully 322 (37.93)
  Knowledge and competence of health workers 301 (35.50)
  How clearly health care providers explained care 279 (32.86)
  Cleanliness of facility 223 (26.33)
  Availability of drugs and modern equipment 183 (21.73)
  Privacy 312 (36.79)
  Level 2: facilities (n = 24)  
Current care experience  
Inputs/infrastructure  
  Index of equipment, supplies, and drugs available (max. 29)e (mean, SD) 16.38 ± 3.37
  Clean water 6 (25.00)
  Total health workers (mean, SD) 4.13 ± 1.65
  Facility average health worker confidence on 35 maternal, newborn, and HIV skills (mean, SD) 42.06 ± 20.72
  Health worker obstetric knowledge & competence score (mean, SD)f 41.40 ± 11.38
Processes  
  Number of emergency obstetric services provided in past 3 months (max. 7) (mean, SD)g 2.13 ± 1.15
  Number of postnatal services routinely provided (max. 11)h (mean, SD) 7.96 ± 2.07
  Monthly facility deliveries in 2011 (mean, SD) 7.37 ± 4.90
  1. ± is mean SD.
  2. aValues may not add up to 100 due to missing data.
  3. bWoman reported highest level of health on all five EQ-5D questions.
  4. cIndex of 9 ANC services: diagnostics, treatment, and counseling.
  5. dIndex of 9 delivery and postnatal counseling services.
  6. eIndex of facility availability of 29 equipment, drugs, and supplies essential for maternal and neonatal care.
  7. fMeasured using clinical vignettes. Used as a proxy for services delivered.
  8. gIndex of 7 basic emergency obstetric and newborn (BEmONC) services performed in past 3 months.
  9. hIndex of 11 postnatal exam and services that the facility routinely provides for the mother and newborn.
  10. iProportion of women rating the quality as ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’ on a 5-point likert scale ranging from ‘poor’ to ‘excellent’. Dependent variable is a summative index of these six questions.