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Table 1 Outcomes examined in empirical articles

From: Exploring the relationship between governance mechanisms in healthcare and health workforce outcomes: a systematic review

Outcome examined Shared governance Magnet accreditation Professional development Quality-focused initiatives Reorganization of healthcare delivery
Absenteeism     Som (2007) [53] Silvestro (2008) [74]
Adoption of care protocols   Jayawardhana (2011) [30] Garrard (2006) [37] Gerrish (2008) [49] Lavoie-Tremblay (2011) [71]
     Levin (2011) [51]  
     Melnyk (2010) [46]  
     Wallen (2010) [52]  
Collaborative practice   Balogh (2006) [34] Garrard (2006) [37] Fitzgerald (2003) [54] Sicotte (2002) [72]
    George (2002) [38] Rosengren (2012) [48]  
    MacDonald (2008) [36] Som (2007) [53]  
Learning    Garrard (2006) [37] Luxford (2011) [55] Prater (2001) [39]
    MacDonald (2008) [36] Fitzgerald (2003) [54] Smith (2004) [40]
Professional behaviour Latham (2011) [23] Balogh (2006) [34] George (2002) [38] Freeman (2004) [85] Aarons (2009) [78]
     Paxton (2006) [86] Prater (2001) [39]
     Rondeau (2007) [69] Smith (2004) [40]
     Sheaff (2004) [47]  
Recruitment Latham (2011) [23]    Som (2007) [53] Silvestro (2008) [74]
Retention Ellenbecker (2007) [22] Brady-Schwartz (2005) [32]   Levin (2011) [51] Castle (2006) [77]
  Latham (2011) [23]    McCormick (2006) [50] Donoghue (2009) [76]
     Som (2007) [53] Silvestro (2008) [74]
     Wallen (2010) [52]  
Role clarity    MacDonald (2008) [36]   Belling (2011) [70]
Skill/staff mix   Jayawardhana (2011) [30]    McCloskey (2005) [87]
      Silvestro (2008) [74]
Work attitudes Attree (2005) [21] Balogh (2006) [34] Garrard (2006) [37] Dean (2004) [45] Aarons (2009) [78]
  Barden (2011) [18] Brady-Schwartz (2005) [32] George (2002) [38] Freeman (2004) [85] Braithwaite (2004) [75]
  Ellenbecker (2007) [22] Hess (2011) [33] MacDonald (2008) [36] Gerrish (2008) [49] Lavoie-Tremblay (2011) [71]
  Erickson (2003) [19] Upenieks (2003) [31] McCabe (2008) [41] Levin (2011) [51] O’Dowd (2006) [73]
  Frith (2006) [20]   Smith Randolph (2005) [29] Luxford (2011) [55] Prater (2001) [39]
  Kramer (2008) [88]    McCormick (2006) [50] Silvestro (2008) [74]
  Latham (2011) [23]    Melnyk (2010) [46]  
  Smith Randolph (2005) [29]    Murray (2004) [43]  
     Rondeau (2007) [69]  
     Rosengren (2012) [48]  
     Sheaff (2004) [47]  
     Sweeney (2003) [44]  
     Wallen (2010) [52]  
Workload   Jayawardhana (2011) [30]   Rosengren (2012) [48] McCloskey (2005) [87]