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Table 3 Annual average hospitalisations, avoidable hospitalisation, death rate and years of life lost by primary health care utilisation groups, NT remote Indigenous communities, 2002-2011

From: Better health outcomes at lower costs: the benefits of primary care utilisation for chronic disease management in remote Indigenous communities in Australia’s Northern Territory

Annual average Primary care utilisation 95% confidence interval Reduction
Low (n = 6987) Medium (n = 5926) High (n = 1271) Low Medium High Medium High
Hospitalisations per person
Diabetes 5 (1421) 1.1 (1892) 1 (772) 4.87-5.11 1.06-1.16 0.89-1.04 78% 80%
IHD 5.9 (612) 2.3 (626) 1.5 (340) 5.69-6.08 2.22-2.47 1.34-1.6 61% 75%
COPD 3.4 (572) 1.3 (657) 1 (322) 3.27-3.58 1.18-1.35 0.92-1.15 62% 71%
Renal Disease 7.7 (1143) 1.2 (1923) 1.1 (826) 7.54-7.87 1.16-1.26 1.06-1.2 84% 86%
Hypertension 4 (1433) 1.1 (1986) 0.9 (832) 3.92-4.13 1.07-1.16 0.88-1.01 73% 78%
PAHs
Diabetes 2.7 0.6 0.5 2.6-2.78 0.6-0.67 0.48-0.59 76% 80%
IHD 4 1.5 0.9 3.8-4.12 1.43-1.63 0.84-1.05 63% 78%
COPD 2 0.8 0.8 1.93-2.17 0.76-0.9 0.66-0.86 60% 60%
Renal Disease 3.4 0.5 0.6 3.31-3.53 0.5-0.57 0.54-0.65 85% 82%
Hypertension 2.3 0.7 0.5 2.19-2.35 0.64-0.71 0.49-0.6 70% 78%
Deaths (per 100)
Diabetes 3.23 0.99 0.80 2.92-3.53 0.85-1.14 0.59-1 69% 75%
IHD 4.71 1.76 1.61 4.16-5.26 1.42-2.09 1.17-2.04 63% 66%
COPD 5.08 1.96 2.04 4.48-5.68 1.62-2.31 1.54-2.54 61% 60%
Renal Disease 4.21 1.18 1.06 3.82-4.59 1.02-1.34 0.83-1.29 72% 75%
Hypertension 3.11 1.28 0.97 2.82-3.41 1.12-1.44 0.75-1.19 59% 69%
YLLs
Diabetes 1.00 0.24 0.20 0.99-1.02 0.23-0.24 0.19-0.21 76% 80%
IHD 1.47 0.46 0.39 1.44-1.5 0.44-0.47 0.37-0.41 69% 73%
COPD 1.32 0.41 0.44 1.29-1.35 0.39-0.42 0.41-0.46 69% 67%
Renal Disease 1.30 0.28 0.25 1.28-1.32 0.27-0.28 0.24-0.27 78% 81%
Hypertension 0.89 0.30 0.23 0.87-0.9 0.29-0.31 0.22-0.24 66% 74%
  1. Notes: n: sample size; COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; IHD: Ischemic heart disease; PAH: Potentially avoidable hospitalisations; YLLs: Years of life lost.