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Table 1 Indonesia’s nationally-administered surveillance systems for acute respiratory infections, pneumonia and influenza, as of September 2012

From: Application of WHO’s guideline for the selection of sentinel sites for hospital-based influenza surveillance in Indonesia

MOH system administrator Surveillance system General objective Type Sites Starting year Reporting frequency Laboratory testing
ARI subdirectorate Sentinel pneumonia surveillance* Monitor trends of pneumonia Sentinel, aggregated data 40 health centers and 40 district hospital 2007 Monthly No
ARI subdirectorate Routine pneumonia surveillance Program performance for pneumonia case detection Population-based, aggregated data All health centers 1983 Monthly No
Surveillance subdirectorate Early warning alert and response system Outbreak detection Population-based, aggregated data All health centers 2008 Weekly No
Surveillance subdirectorate Monthly outbreak-prone disease surveillance Trends for notifiable diseases Population-based, aggregated data All health centers and some district hospitals# 2003 Monthly No
Surveillance subdirectorate ILI syndromic surveillance Outbreak detection Sentinel, aggregated data 20 Health Centers 2010 Weekly No
NIHRD ILI virological surveillance Influenza virus trends Sentinel, case-based 26 Health Centers 2006 Weekly Yes (influenza)
NIHRD SARI virological surveillance* Viral and bacterial trends Sentinel, case-based 10 tertiary hospitals 2006 Monthly Yes (viral and bacterial pathogens)
  1. MOH Ministry of Health, ILI Influenza-like Illness; SARI Severe Acute Respiratory Infection, ARI Acute Respiratory Infection, NIHRD National Institutes for Health Research and Development.
  2. *Systems were terminated in December 2012 and resources combined to create Surveilans ISPA Berat di Indonesia (SIBI).
  3. #Number of district hospitals participating is unknown because hospital participation is not mandated nationally.