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Table 1 Summary of resource tracking assessment

From: Vaccine resource tracking systems

Tracking scheme Criteria Assessment
Joint Reporting Form (JRF) Coverage 2006 to 2012. Highly aggregated. Spending by NGOs and the private sector not available.
Validity Relies on self-reporting. Standardized forms sent to governments on an annual basis. Reports compared by WHO and UNICEF, with some checks on implausible data.
Accessibility Spreadsheet. Publicly available. No visualizations.
Costs Low but duplication of effort across the cMYPs and APRs in certain years.
Comprehensive Multi-Year Plans (cMYPs) Coverage Only one to two years of baseline data available. 72 low- and middle-income countries missing. Highly disaggregated. Spending by NGOs and the private sector not available.
Validity Relies on self-reporting. Data provided by governments as part of multiyear planning processes. Little validation.
Accessibility Spreadsheet. Publicly available. No visualizations.
Costs Low but duplication of effort across the APRs and JRF in certain years.
Annual Progress Reports (APRs) Coverage Only for GAVI-eligible countries. Only updated when GAVI requires. Only covers select vaccines. Moderate disaggregation.
Validity Relies on self-reporting. Provided by governments as part of applying for further funding from GAVI. Little validation.
Accessibility Spreadsheet. Publicly available. No visualizations.
Costs Low but duplication of effort across the cMYPs and JRF in certain years.
Sabin Institute’s Sustainable Immunization Financing Program Coverage Only covers 18 countries. Government expenditure only. Not an annual, systematized resource tracking process.
Validity High given detailed, step-by-step tracking.
Accessibility All details not currently available in the public domain.
Costs Time and resource intensive
Ad hoc country studies Coverage Comprehensive data collection exercise at the country level. Not replicable on a yearly basis on a global scale.
Validity More reliable than most sources given the intensive data collection and analytical exercises typically involved.
Accessibility In the public domain, generally, but not amassed in one location or systematically reviewed.
  Costs Time and resource intensive.