Skip to main content

Table 1 Determinants of seeking care (either curative or preventive) for preterm newborns

From: Determinants and pattern of care seeking for preterm newborns in a rural Bangladeshi cohort

Variables Newborns included in the study N = 27,460 Preterm newborns who sought care Unadjusted risk ratio (95% CI) Adjustedrisk ratio (95% CI)
Term newborns Preterm newborns  
N = 21,370 N = 6,090 N = 1,197
  (%) (%) n % (row)   
Predisposing factors
Mother’s age
<25 years 33.5 30.1 418 22.8 Ref Ref
25-29 years 33.7 33.5 371 18.2 0.80 (0.69, 0.92)* 0.95 (0.82, 1.09)
30-34 years 20.3 22.0 251 18.7 0.82 (0.70, 0.96)* 0.96 (0.80, 1.14)
35 years & above 12.5 14.5 157 17.8 0.78 (0.65, 0.94)* 0.92 (0.75, 1.13)
Mother’s education
Below primary 47.5 57.3 609 17.5 Ref Ref
Primary and above 52.5 42.7 588 22.6 1.29 (1.15, 1.45)* 1.08 (0.96, 1.22)
Father’s education
Below primary 55.6 64.3 710 18.1 Ref Ref
Primary and above 44.4 35.7 487 22.4 1.24 (1.10, 1.39)* 1.02 (0.91, 1.15)
Religion
Islam 95.4 95.7 1151 19.8 Ref Ref
Others 4.6 4.3 46 17.6 0.89 (0.66, 1.19) 1.03 (0.79, 1.34)
Single/Multiple birth
Singleton 98.3 95.4 1108 19.1 Ref Ref
Multiple birth 1.7 4.6 89 31.8 1.67 (1.34, 2.07) * 1.12 (0.92, 1.35)
History of child death
No 75.7 71.4 833 19.2 Ref Ref
Yes 24.3 28.6 364 20.9 1.09 (0.96, 1.23) 1.21 (1.07, 1.37)*
Sex of the baby
Male 51.3 53.3 737 22.7 Ref Ref
Female 48.7 46.7 460 16.2 0.71 (0.63, 0.80)* 0.73 (0.66, 0.80)*
Birth preparedness status
Not compliant 3.3 21.8 276 20.8 Ref Ref
Partially compliant 62.7 51.2 544 17.4 0.84 (0.72, 0.97)* 0.91 (0.81, 1.03)
Fully compliant 34.0 27.0 377 22.9 1.10 (0.94, 1.29) 1.14 (0.99, 1.30)
Any ANC visit
No 40.3 49.8 409 13.5 Ref Ref
Yes 59.7 50.2 788 25.8 1.92 (1.70, 2.16)* 1.41 (1.25, 1.59)*
Enabling factors
Wealth quintile
Lowest (Poorest) 18.6 23.4 195 13.7 Ref Ref
Second lowest 19.0 23.5 247 17.3 1.26 (1.05, 1.52)* 1.18 (1.00, 1.39)
Middle quintile 19.6 21.4 282 21.6 1.58 (1.31, 1.89)* 1.38 (1.17, 1.64)*
Second highest 20.4 18.5 246 21.9 1.60 (1.33, 1.93)* 1.34 (1.13, 1.60)*
Highest (Richest) 22.3 13.2 227 28.3 2.07 (1.71, 2.51)* 1.57 (1.29, 1.90)*
Distance from health facility
Less than 2 Km 49.6 48.9 695 23.3 Ref Ref
2-2.99 Km 29.6 30.0 304 16.6 0.71 (0.62, 0.82)* 0.79 (0.70, 0.88)*
3 Km or more 20.8 21.1 198 15.4 0.66 (0.57, 0.77) * 0.75 (0.66, 0.87) *
Need factors
Birth Asphyxia
No 88.5 89.3 989 18.2 Ref Ref
Yes 11.5 10.7 208 32.0 1.76 (1.51, 2.04)* 1.28 (1.12, 1.45)*
Any signs of injury at birth
No 98.0 98.2 1152 19.3 Ref Ref
Yes 2.0 1.8 45 40.9 2.12 (1.58, 2.86)* 1.44 (1.13, 1.84)*
Symptoms of illness
No 84.1 82.5 767 15.3 Ref Ref
Yes 15.9 17.5 430 40.3 2.64 (2.34, 2.97)* 2.14 (1.93, 2.38)*
Signs of local infections
No 94.9 95.5 1031 17.7 Ref Ref
Yes 5.1 4.5 166 60.6 3.42 (2.90, 4.03)* 2.53 (2.23, 2.87)*
  1. *p < 0.05;
  2. Adjusted for all other covariates including maternal age, education of women and their husbands, religion, wealth score, distance from nearby health facility, number of babies delivered, birth weight and sex of the newborn, signs/symptom of illness/infection, birth asphyxia, birth injury, history of child death, birth preparedness, ANC visit, TT immunization.