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Table 4 Associations between predictor variables and high primary health service use (≥3 visits)

From: Examining the relationship between health-related need and the receipt of care by participants experiencing homelessness and mental illness

Outcome variable Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI)* P value
Predisposing Factors
Ethnicity     
 Aboriginals 1.57 (0.76, 3.25) 0.221
 Caucasian 1.90 (1.10, 3.28) 0.022
 Other
Single marital status 1.53 (0.97, 2.41) 0.069   
Have children (under 18) 1.58 (0.98, 2.55) 0.061   
Enabling Factors
Regular Family Physician 2.17 (1.31, 3.60) 0.003 2.27 (1.27, 4.07) 0.006
Regular place to go for health care 2.02 (1.06, 3.88) 0.034   
Needed health care but didn’t receive it (past year) 1.64 (1.06, 2.55) 0.027   
Feelings about family in general 1.77 (1.13, 2.78) 0.014   
Feelings about things you do with other people 2.23 (1.39, 3.59) 0.001 1.74 (1.01, 2.99) 0.047
Need Factors
Multiple mental disorders (≥2) 1.74 (1.12, 2.70) 0.014   
Less severe cluster of mental disorder 2.18 (1.38, 3.44) 0.001   
Severe cluster of mental disorder 0.50 (0.31, 0.78) 0.003 0.59 (0.35, 0.97) 0.039
Substance dependence 1.80 (1.13, 2.86) 0.013   
Blood-borne Infectious diseases (HIV/HCV/HBV) 1.82 (1.16, 2.84) 0.009   
Multiple physical illness (≥2) 3.90 (1.75, 8.71) 0.001 2.74 (1.12, 6.70) 0.027
General Health (fair/poor) 2.12 (1.36, 3.31) 0.001 1.68 (1.01, 2.81) 0.047
  1. *Adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals are only shown for variables that remained significant in the final logistic regression model after backwards elimination.
  2. Bolded p-values indicate significance at p < 0.05.