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Table 1 Univariate comparisons of predisposing characteristics, by primary and specialist health service use

From: Examining the relationship between health-related need and the receipt of care by participants experiencing homelessness and mental illness

Variable   Primary health service use Specialist health service use
  All N (%) Low use (<3 visits) N (%) High use (≥3 visits) N (%) P value Low use (<3 visits) N (%) High use (≥3 visits) N (%) P value
Male gender 358 (73) 288 (74) 70 (69) 0.292 316 (73) 43 (72) 0.830
Age at enrolment visit        
 Youth 36 (7) 28 (7) 8 (8) 0.889 27 (6) 9 (15) 0.031
 25-44 years 280 (57) 224 (57) 56 (54) 253 (58) 28 (47)
 > 44 years 180 (36) 141 (36) 31 (38) 157 (36) 23 (38)
Ethnicity        
 Aboriginal 77 (15) 61 (16) 16 (16) 0.068 71 (16) 6 (10) 0.433
 Caucasian 279 (56) 212 (54) 67 (65) 245 (56) 35 (58)
 Other 140 (28) 120 (31) 20 (19)   121 (28) 19 (32)
Education (≤Grade 8) 76 (15) 62 (16) 14 (14) 0.840 65 (15) 11 (18) 0.093
Single marital status 342 (70) 278 (72) 64 (62) 0.067 301 (70) 42 (70) 0.939
Have children (under 18) 122 (25) 89 (23) 33 (32) 0.059 108 (25) 14 (25) 0.920
Hospitalized for mental illness (>6 months) in past 5 years 57 (12) 49 (13) 8 (8) 0.164 49 (11) 8 (13) 0.666
Hospitalized for mental illness (>2 times) in past 5 years 253 (53) 206 (54) 47 (47) 0.190 213 (50) 40 (71) 0.003
Worked continuously at least one year in the past 322 (65) 257 (66) 65 (63) 0.597 280 (65) 43 (72) 0.275
Jail in last 6 months 68 (14) 53 (14) 15 (15) 0.777 06 (14) 8 (13) 0.933
Shelter in last 6 months 143 (29) 113 (29) 30 (29) 0.941 127 (29) 16 (27) 0.701
Duration of homelessness in lifetime        
 1-3 Years 256 (52) 208 (54) 48 (47) 0.197 223 (52) 34 (57) 0.474
 3 Years Plus 234 (48) 179 (46) 55 (53)   208 (48) 26 (43)  
Duration of homelessness -longest single period        
 1 Year 246 (50) 190 (49) 56 (54) 0.330 210 (49) 36 (60) 0.102
 1 Year Plus 245 (50) 198 (51) 47 (46)   221 (51) 24 (40)
Age of first homelessness (<25 years) 214 (44) 166 (43) 48 (47) 0.427 191 (44) 23 (38) 0.381
Housing Status (Absolutely Homeless) 388 (78) 313 (80) 75 (73) 0.135 342 (78) 23 (38) 0.780
  1. Bolded p-values indicate significance at p ≤ 0.10.