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Table 1 Rules and regulations governing the retail pharmaceutical sector in Kenya

From: The policy-practice gap: describing discordances between regulation on paper and real-life practices among specialized drug shops in Kenya

Legislation/regulation/rule Main purpose Front-line enforcers
The Pharmacy and Poisons Act (Cap 244) Govern pharmacy profession, and manufacture, supply and use of medicines Pharmaceutical inspectors
The Public Health Act Govern all aspects of public health, including medicines Public health officers
The Food, Drugs and Chemical Substances Act Ensure safe provision of foods, drugs and chemical substances Public health officers
The Local Government Act Govern local authorities, including licensing local service providers Local council inspectors
The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act Control possession and trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances All types of inspectors (includes public health officers, pharmaceutical inspectors)
Anti Counterfeit Act Prevent counterfeiting of medicines and related commodities All types of inspectors
Guidelines for Registration of Premises Outline minimum requirements for issuance of wholesale and retail licenses Pharmaceutical inspectors
Guidelines for Good Wholesaling and Retailing Practice Outline minimum requirements for the daily operation of a retail or wholesale pharmacy Pharmaceutical inspectors
Continuous Professional Development points system Assess practitioners for a minimum score with regard to professional knowledge Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya Training Department