Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Bivariate relations between patient characteristics and the Patient Activation Measure (PAM)

From: Relationships between patient activation, disease-specific knowledge and health outcomes among people with diabetes; a survey study

  N % Mean PAM (SD) p-value
Total 1,845   57.4 (14.3)  
Gender 1,810    0.017
Male 856 47.3 58.1 (14.3)  
Female 954 52.7 56.5 (14.2)  
Age 1,820    <0.001
18-54 years 305 16.8 59.6 (14.1)  
55-64 years 512 28.1 57.8 (14.3)  
65-74 years 573 31.5 57.3 (14.3)  
75 years and older 430 23.6 55.2 (14.0)  
Education level 1,732    <0.001
Low 997 57.6 56.5 (14.2)  
Middle 634 36.6 58.0 (13.8)  
High 101 5.8 62.7 (15.6)  
Ethnicity 1,820    0.555
Dutch 1,454 79.9 57.5 (14.5)  
Western 133 7.3 56.2 (14.0)  
Non-Western 233 12.8 57.0 (13.4)  
Spoken language at home 1,753    0.008
Dutch 1,617 92.2 57.6 (14.5)  
Other 136 7.8 54.2 (11.8)  
Disease duration 1,711    0.352
Less than 12 months 156 9.1 56.2 (14.3)  
1 year up to 2 years 154 9.0 58.9 (14.9)  
2 years up to 10 years 906 53.0 57.2 (14.0)  
More than 10 years 495 28.9 57.7 (14.7)  
General health status 1,817    <0.001
Poor 70 3.9 47.3 (13.5)  
Fair 577 31.8 53.1 (13.0)  
Good 1,014 55.8 59.1 (13.9)  
Very good 117 6.4 65.0 (14.6)  
Excellent 39 2.1 69.8 (15.7)  
  1. Note. Bold values indicate a p-value < 0.05.