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Table 2 Characteristics of study variables and univariate analysis examining factors associated with health service utilization

From: What limits the utilization of health services among the rural population in the Dabie Mountains- Evidence from Hubei province, China?

Variables Total N (%) Health service utilization P
Yes No
All the residents 1003(100) 489(48.8) 514(51.2)  
Gender     0.026
Male 426(42.5) 192(45.1) 234(54.9)  
Female 577(57.5) 297(51.5) 280(48.5)  
Age     <0.001
15–30 years 79(7.9) 53(67.1) 26(32.9)  
30–45 years 187(18.6) 116(62.0) 71(38.0)  
45–60 years 462(46.1) 206(44.6) 256(55.4)  
> = 60 years 275(27.4) 114(41.5) 161(58.5)  
Marital status     0.379
Unmarried 173(17.2) 82(47.4) 91(52.6)  
Married 830(82.8) 407(49.0) 423(51.0)  
Level of education     0.181
< primary school graduate 336(33.5) 154(45.8) 182(54.2)  
< high school graduate 556(55.4) 273(49.1) 283(50.9)  
Higher studies 111(11.1) 62(55.9) 49(44.1)  
Job category     0.03
Agricultural workers 797(79.5) 376(47.2) 421(52.8)  
Non-agricultural workers 206(20.5) 113(54.9) 93(45.1)  
Household size     0.003
1 person 91(9.1) 45(49.5) 46(50.5)  
2 persons 347(34.6) 146(42.1) 201(57.9)  
3 persons 233(23.2) 108(46.4) 125(53.6)  
4 persons 187(18.6) 108(57.8) 79(42.2)  
> = 5 persons 145(14.5) 82(56.6) 63(43.4)  
Medical insurance     0.095
Uninsured 28(2.8) 8(28.6) 20(71.4)  
New rural cooperative medical care system(NCMS) 961(95.8) 474(49.3) 487(50.7)  
Other kind of insurance 14(1.4) 7(50.0) 7(50.0)  
Transportation media     0.247
Walking 856(85.3) 413(48.2) 443(51.8)  
Communication media 147(14.7) 76(51.7) 71(48.3)  
Travel time     0.022
<30 minutes 471(47.0) 216(45.9) 255(54.1)  
30–60 minutes 423(42.2) 207(48.9) 216(51.1)  
>60 minutes 109(10.8) 66(60.6) 43(39.4)  
Household net income per year     0.009
<RMB5000 310(30.9) 140(45.2) 170(54.8)  
RMB5000–10000 297(29.6) 142(47.8) 155(52.2)  
RMB10000–20000 127(12.7) 55(43.3) 72(56.7)  
RMB20000–40000 154(15.3) 79(51.3) 75(48.7)  
> = RMB40000 115(11.5) 73(63.5) 42(36.5)  
Number of chronic illnesses     0.143
0–1 560(55.8) 277(49.5) 283(50.5)  
1–2 329(32.8) 151(45.9) 178(54.1)  
2–3 92(9.2) 53(57.6) 39(42.4)  
>2–4 22(2.2) 8(36.4) 14(63.6)  
  1. (n = 1,003).