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Table 1 Characteristics of homeless adults with mental illness at the Toronto site of the At Home/Chez Soi project ( N= 550)

From: Different faces of discrimination: perceived discrimination among homeless adults with mental illness in healthcare settings

Characteristic Total N (%)
Age, y <30 years old 131 (23.8)
30-39 years old 129 (23.5)
40-49 years old 176 (32.0)
≥50 years old 114 (20.7)
Male£ 384 (69.8)
Race§ White 194 (35.3)
Black 190 (34.5)
Other ethnic minority 166 (30.2)
Monthly income, CAD <$500 198 (36.0)
$500-$999 233 (42.4)
≥$1,000 118 (21.5)
Homeless for ≥3 years 287 (52.2)
Immigrant 251 (45.6)
Has a regular medical doctor 360 (65.5)
Has a usual source of outpatient care 492 (89.5)
Has a provincial health card 512 (93.1)
Unmet healthcare needs 218 (39.6)
CSI ≥30 427 (77.6)
Psychotic disorder 200 (36.4)
GAIN SDScr (lifetime) No or low severity 96 (17.5)
Moderate severity 102 (18.5)
High severity 342 (62.2)
Hospital ER visits in the past 6 months No visits 223 (40.5)
1 visit 141 (25.6)
  ≥ 2 visits 178 (32.4)
  1. Column totals may not add to the total sample size because of missing data.
  2. £Male category includes transgender/transsexual individuals.
  3. §Other ethnic minority category included individuals with Asian, Middle Eastern, Aboriginal, Latin American, and mixed racial/ethnic background.
  4. CSI ≥30, score ≥30 on the Colorado Symptom Index indicates psychiatric disability and presence of clinically significant mental symptoms.
  5. MINI v. 6.0; the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 6.0.
  6. GAIN SDScr; Global Assessment of Individual Need Short Screener. Counts are triaged into low (0 symptoms), moderate (1-2 symptoms), and high (3 or more symptoms) severity symptoms.