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Table 5 Comparison of unadjusted and adjusted HCQI rates between the two provinces

From: A comparison of home care quality indicator rates in two Canadian provinces

  Unadjusted rates *Adjusted rates
  Ontario Winnipeg Difference p value Ontario Winnipeg Difference
  %   %
Prevalence HCQIs n = 102,554 n = 9,250    n = 102,554 n = 9,250  
ADL/rehabilitation potential and not receiving therapy 66.8 91.6 -24.8 <0.0001 - - -
Hospitalization 38.5 27.5 11.0 <0.0001 27.4 19.6 7.8
Disruptive or intense daily pain 35.5 35.0 0.5 0.29 35.6 35.7 -0.1
Falls 32.9 22.9 10.0 <0.0001 34.1 25.7 8.4
No Influenza vaccination 25.8 18.4 7.4 <0.0001 - - -
Social isolation 17.4 16.5 0.9 0.03 18.8 17.4 1.4
Negative mood 16.6 9.9 6.7 <0.0001 18.5 12.0 6.5
Inadequate pain control 16.4 19.4 -3.0 0.11 16.8 19.2 -2.4
Any injuries 9.9 14.0 -4.1 <0.0001 10.5 15.5 -5.0
Difficulty in locomotion and no assistive device 9.3 10.1 -0.8 <0.0001 25.2 22.9 2.3
Delirium 6.6 5.1 1.5 <0.0001 9.3 8.5 0.8
Weight loss 5.9 3.7 2.2 <0.0001 4.0 2.6 1.4
Inadequate meals 3.1 2.3 0.8 <0.0001 3.3 2.4 0.9
Neglect or abuse 3.1 1.0 2.1 <0.0001 3.8 1.3 2.5
Dehydration 1.4 0.3 1.1 <0.0001 0.8 0.2 0.6
No medication review by physician 1.1 1.8 -0.7 <0.0001 - - -
Incidence HCQIs (n = 14,999) (n = 841)   (n = 14,999) (n = 841)  
Cognitive decline 76.3 65.4 10.9 <0.0001 76.3 67.9 8.4
ADL impairment 63.7 57.6 6.1 0.0004 65.0 61.7 3.3
Bladder incontinence 56.1 46.9 9.2 <0.0001 63.3 56.5 6.8
Communication difficulty 49.7 37.0 12.7 <0.0001 46.2 37.5 8.7
Impaired locomotion in home 44.3 15.9 28.4 <0.0001 53.8 22.2 31.6
Skin ulcers 8.8 3.6 5.2 <0.0001 5.5 2.4 3.1
  1. *All risk-adjusted differences significant at p < 0.0001.