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Table 2 Selected characteristics of organizations (n = 236, unless noted)

From: Physiotherapy practice in the private sector: organizational characteristics and models

Variables n (%) mean (SD) missing n (%)
Vision    
For-profit* 220 (93.2)   1 (0.4)
Importance* α of:    
Patients’ physical health   9.7 (0.7) 2 (0.8)
Patients’ psychological and social health   8.3 (1.9) 2 (0.8)
Prevention and health promotion   8.7 (1.5) 4 (1.7)
Research results   7.4 (2.1) 2 (0.8)
Financial profit   7.3 (2.1) 3 (1.3)
Respect, courtesy, confidentiality   9.5 (1.0) 4 (1.7)
Interactions between PTsλ and other providersχ   8.2 (2.0) 2 (0.8)
Resources    
General location*    
  Urbanψ 216 (91.5)   
  Rural 20 (8.5)   
Specific locationβ    
  PT’s home 10 (4.2)   
  Building with organization only 26 (11.0)   
  Building with multiple businesses/organizations 181 (76.7)   
  Academic institution 7 (3.0)   
  Other 12 (5.1)   
Number of providersβ   9.1 (6.5) 4 (1.7)
  1 22 (9.3)   
  2-5 66 (28.0)   
  6-10 85 (36,0)   
  11-15 27 (11.4)   
  ≥ 16 32 (13.6)   
Number of different professions representedβ    3 (1.3)
  1 31 (13.1)   
  2-5 127 (53.8)   
  ≥ 6 75 (23.0)   
Number of organizations with following providers (n = 214) β :   4.4 (2.6)  
Acupuncturist 50 (23.4)   3 (1.4)
Chiropractor 5 (2.3)   3 (1.4)
Family physician 17 (7.9)   3 (1.4)
Kinesiologist 62 (29.0)   3 (1.4)
Massage therapist 142 (66.4)   3 (1.4)
Occupational therapist 67 (31.3)   4 (1.9)
Orthopedist 32 (15.0)   3 (1.4)
Orthotist 36 (16.8)   3 (1.4)
Osteopath 106 (49.5)   3 (1.4)
Physiotherapy assistant 145 (67.8)   3 (1.4)
Psychologist 33 (15.4)   3 (1.4)
Sport physician 32 (15.0)   3 (1.4)
In physical proximityϕ with providers outside organization* 151 (64.0)   1 (0.4)
With vacant provider positions* 65 (27.5)   1 (0.4)
Presence of secretary (ies)/receptionist (s)β 207 (87.7)   1 (0.4)
PT access to*:    
Computer 219 (92.8)   
Internet 209 (88.6)   1 (0.4)
Electronic physiotherapy patient records 26 (11.0)   3 (1.3)
Structure    
Time since opening (years)β    
  < 5 39 (16.5)   
  5-10 36 (15.3)   
  > 10 161 (68.2)   
Part of organizational networkβ 109 (46.2)   
Number of organizations in network (n = 109)    1 (0.9)
  2-5 69 (63.3)   
  6-10 15 (13.8)   
  > 10 24 (22.0)   
Shared patient recordsβ (n = 212) 116 (54.7)   
Had available forms for interactions between providersβ 168 (71.2)   1 (0.4)
Had rules regarding interactions between providers/organizationsβ 157 (66.5)   2 (0.8)
Types of rules regarding interactions (n = 157)    
  Implicit 120 (76.4)   
  Written 12 (7.6)   
  Implicit + written 25 (15.9)   
Frequency of planned meetings to discuss clinical cases in previous 12 monthsβ (n = 213)    1 (0.5)
  Daily 4 (1.9)   
  Weekly 36 (16.8)   
  Monthly 25 (11.7)   
  A few times 70 (32.7)   
  Never 78 (36.4)   
Practices    
Mean duration of physiotherapy assessmentsβ (minutes)   59.1 (8.1) 2 (0.8)
  < 60 23 (9.7)   
  60 199 (84.3)   
  >60 12 (5.1)   
Mean duration of physiotherapy treatment sessionsβ (minutes)   41.9 (12.8) 2 (0.8)
  ≤ 30 105 (44.5)   
  > 30 < 60 69 (29.2)   
  ≥ 60 60 (25.4)   
Offered physiotherapy trainingβ 105 (44.5)   1 (0.4)
Types of services offered:    
Electrotherapy 215 (92.7)   4 (1.7)
Hydrotherapy 104 (45.6)   8 (3.4)
Pediatric treatment for plagiocephaly/torticollis 103 (45.6)   (4.2)
Osteopathic approaches 139 (61.2)   9 (3.8)
Postural approaches 112 (50.2)   13 (5.5)
Neurological approaches 62 (27.8)   13 (5.5)
Sports physiotherapy 197 (84.9)   4 (1.7)
Work rehabilitation 119 (52.4)   9 (3.8)
Vestibular re-education 100 (45.2)   15 (6.4)
Manual therapy-mobilizations 224 (97.0)   5 (2.1)
Manual therapy-manipulations 147 (65.9)   13 (5.5)
Perineal re-education 67 (29.8)   11 (4.7)
Use of needles under the dermis 30 (13.6)   15 (6.4)
Exercise/education classes 69 (31.4)   16 (6.8)
Other 42 (17.8)   
Number of services offered*ϵ   7.3 (2.4) 15 (6.4)
  1. *Identifies variables that were first included in the initial multiple correspondence analyses, but were not retained in these analyses.
  2. αScale 0–10 for each statement: “no importance” to “highest importance possible”.
  3. λPT = physiotherapist.
  4. χInside or outside of organization.
  5. ψ≥ 10 000 inhabitants [43].
  6. βIdentifies variables that were included in the initial multiple correspondence analyses, and were retained in these analyses.
  7. ϕWithin 5 minutes walking distance.
  8. ϵExcluding “other” category.