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Table 5 Overall effects by country

From: Self-management support interventions to reduce health care utilisation without compromising outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Overall effect size Effect size (UK studies) Effect size (Non UK studies)
Health outcomes 0.22 (0.17 to 0.26) 0.10 (0.05 to 0.14) 0.25 (0.19 to 0.30)
Hospital use −0.16 (−0.20 to −0.11) −0.23 (−0.35 to −0.11) −0.14 (−0.19 to −0.09)
Costs 0.02 (−0.05 to 0.08) 0.13 (0.02 to 0.24) −0.04 (−0.12 to 0.04)