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Table 1 Basic descriptive data on the studies

From: Self-management support interventions to reduce health care utilisation without compromising outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Category Characteristics N (n = 184)
Context Country  
   UK 43 (23%)
   US 65 (35%)
   European 44 (24%)
   Other 32 (17%)
Patients Condition  
   Arthritis 14 (8%)
   Cardiovascular 53 (29%)
   Diabetes 11 (6%)
   Mental health 29 (16%)
   Mixed disease 13 (7%)
   Respiratory 44 (24%)
   Pain 20 (11%)
   Mean Age (SD) 58 (13)
   % Male 49%
Intervention Content  
   Pure SM 9 (5%)
   Supported SM 36 (20%)
   Intensive SM 87 (47%)
   Case management 52 (28%)
  Sample size (SD) 275 (272)
  Range 23-1801
External validity Excluded patients with other long-term conditions 65 (35%)
  Proportion of eligible patients who did not take part in the study  
  Not clear 48 (26%)
  <20% 40 (22%)
  21-40% 55 (30%)
  41-60% 25 (14%)
  61-80% 14 (8%)
  81-100% 2 (1%)