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Table 4 Total provider sector cost

From: Resource utilization pattern and cost of tuberculosis treatment from the provider and patient perspectives in the state of Penang, Malaysia

Cost element Total cost (intensive phase) Total cost (continuation phase) Total cost (% of total cost) Cost per patient
Outpatient clinic     384.44
Human resource    57004.58 (69.9)
  Scheduled consultation visits 7668.14 6149.29 13817.43
  Visits for medication (DOT* room visits) 8331.40 15485.47 23816.87
  Consultations with the specialist 1008.60 33.62 1042.22
  Consultations with the specialist (head of the department) 887.40 - 887.40
  Consultations with the medical officer 6795.73 6670.71 13466.44
  TB coordinator 1539.12 1539.12 3078.24
  Counter clerk and attendant 165.36 - 165.36
  Lab. investigation attendant 508.20 222.42 730.62
Capital 3137.80 5832.09 8969.89 (11.0)
Electricity 5085.40 9452.01 14537.41 (17.8)
Consumables 946.28 43.53 989.81 (1.2)
Sub-total    81501.69 (38.7)
Hospitalization 22022.00 - 22022.00 (10.5) 103.88
Chest X-ray 4480.45 2486.00 6966.45 (3.3) 32.86
Bacteriological tests     
  Sputum smear 2155.71 492.28 2647.99 (6.7)  
  Culture 1323.30 - 1323.30 (3.4)  
  Polymerase chain reaction 15493.36 - 15493.36 (39.5)  
  Drug sensitivity testing 19791.00 - 19791.00 (50.4)  
Sub-total    39255.65 (18.7) 185.17
Non-specific laboratory tests 12946.43 2139.70 15086.13 (7.2) 71.16
Medicines 25069.95 20475.06 45545.01 (21.6) 214.83
Total Cost 139355.63 71021.30 210376.93 (100) 992.34
  1. *DOT: Directly Observed Treatment.
  2. Note: All costs in Malaysian Ringgit. Bold numbers reflect sub-total of cost components, grand total cost and cost per patient.