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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Resource utilization pattern and cost of tuberculosis treatment from the provider and patient perspectives in the state of Penang, Malaysia

Characteristics Patients n (%)
Form of TB  
   S+ PTB* 205 (96.7)
   S+ PTB* and EPTB 7 (3.3)
Sputum grading  
   High-grade 131 (61.8)
   Low-grade 81 (38.2)
Lung cavities  
   Yes 102 (48.1)
   No 110 (51.9)
Persistent cough at the end of the intensive phase  
   Yes 52 (24.5)
   No 160 (75.5)
Persistent cough at the end of the treatment  
   Yes 12 (5.7)
   No 200 (94.3)
Co-morbidities  
   Diabetes 90 (42.5)
   Hypertension 31 (14.6)
   Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 9 (4.2)
   Other 28 (13.2)
Twice-weekly dose  
   Yes 57 (26.9)
   No 155 (73.1)
Prolonged treatment duration (>6 months)  
   Yes 157 (74.1)
   No 55 (25.9)
  1. *Smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis; Extrapulmonary tuberculosis; Percentages calculated on the basis of N = 212.