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Table 1 Summary of articles

From: How does burnout affect physician productivity? A systematic literature review

Author(s) Year Location Study population Response rate Sample size and characteristics Burnout measure Burnout Prevalence
Hoff et al. [23] 2002 United States Hospitalists (≥ 50% of time engaged in practice of general hospital medicine, or research and education related to general hospital medicine) who were members of the US National Association of Inpatient Physicians 48% n = 393 hospitalists 21-item job burnout measure by Pines, Anderson, and Kafry (1981) No risk of burnout = 59.1%
≤5 years since graduation: over 25% At risk of burnout = 27.6%
Males: ~75% Burned out = 13.4%
Females: ~25%
Mean age = 40 yrs
Ruitenburg et al. [21] 2012 The Netherlands Hospital physicians working in one academic medical centre 51% n = 422 Maslach Burnout Inventory Medical doctor:
Medical doctors: 54% Mean EE = 13.3 ± 8.0
Medical residents: 46% Mean DP = 4.5 ± 4.1
Medical doctors: Burnout indicative = 6%
Males: 52.0%
Females: 48.0%
Mean age = 47 ± 8.9 yrs
Years of practice = not reported
Siu et al. [14] 2012 Hong Kong 1,000 public hospital doctors were randomly sampled from the 3,878 Hong Kong Public Doctors’ Association registry 23% n = 226 physicians Maslach Burnout Inventory Mean Scores:
Males: 66.8% EE = 27.2 ± 13.2
Females: 33.2% DP = 10.9 ± 7.6
Median age [Interquartile range] = 37.0 [30.5, 44.0] yrs PA = 31.6 ± 8.8
Median years of practice [Interquartile range] = 12.0 [6.0, 20.0]
Soler et al. [22] 2008 12 European Countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta Poland, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom Family Doctors who worked at least 50% of the time either in private practice or state employment. There is no information provided in the article regarding how the sample in each country was chosen. 41% n = 1393 family doctors Maslach Burnout Inventory EE (95% CI):
Males: 54.6%
Females: 45.4% High = 43.0 (40.5, 45.6); Medium = 40.0 (37.5, 42.6); Low = 17.0 (15.1, 19.0)
Mean age = 45.4 ± 8.5 yrs DP (95% CI):
Mean years since graduation = 19.2 ± 8.5 High = 35.3 (32.9, 37.9); Medium = 27.2 (24.9, 29.6); Low = 37.5 (35.0, 40.0)
PA (95% CI):
High = 32.0 (29.6, 34.5); Medium = 28.5 (26.2, 30.9); Low = 39.5 (37.0, 42.1)
Zhang & Feng [24] 2011 China Randomly selected physicians practicing in one of 67 state-owned medical institutions in Hubei province. The sample included medical assistants, residents, attendings, associate chiefs and chiefs. 94% n = 1451 physicians Maslach Burnout Inventory Not reported
Males: 66.2%
Females: 33.8%
Age:
≤ 30 yrs = 38.3%
31-40 yrs = 37.2%
41-50 yrs = 16.6%
≥ 51 yrs = 7.9%
Years of service:
≤ 5 yrs = 37.9%
6-15 yrs = 41.6%
16-25 yrs = 16.0%
≥ 26 yrs = 4.5%
  1. Note: EE = Emotional Exhaustion; DP = Depersonalization; PA = Personal Achievement.